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«ECONOMIC AND LAW ISSUES. 2015. № 4 STATE AND LAW. LEGAL SCIENCE THEORY AND HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW PROBLEMS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF E-DEMOCRACY AT ...»

115

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ECONOMIC AND LAW ISSUES. 2015. № 4

STATE AND LAW. LEGAL SCIENCE

THEORY AND HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW

PROBLEMS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF E-DEMOCRACY

AT THE LOCAL LEVEL

© 2015 Vavilov Nikita Sergeevich

Mari State University Lenin Square, 1, Yoshkar-Ola, Republic of Mari El, Russia, 424000 E-mail: nikitalawyer@rambler.ru Considered up-to-date coverage of activities of local governments on the Internet, the mechanisms of legal regulation of creation and functioning of the official websites of municipalities in the Russian Federation, analyzes the concept of “electronic democracy” and “e-municipality”, and suggests some ways of improving the legislation on local self-government in respect of fixation of the activities of emunicipalities.

Key words: e-democracy, e-municipality, local government, local communities, civil society, official website.

CUSTOMS AGENTS: FEATURES OF LEGAL PROVISIONS

© 2015 Vergush Kristina Vasilievna Saratov State Academy of Law Volsky st., 1, Saratov, Russia, 410056 E-mail: kristinavergush@yandex.ru The article reveals the peculiarities of the legal status of customs representative. The criteria are characterized that are established by the customs legislation for inclusion in the register of customs representatives. Some features of responsibility within the customs representative are examined in order to enter into a civil contract with the represented person. It is proposed to lift the ban on the payment of customs duties by a customs representative on behalf of the individual.

Key words: customs representative, customs regulation, civil status, the register of customs representatives.

116 Economic аnd Law Issues. 2015. № 4

FINANCIAL LAW

STATE (MUNICIPAL) INSTITUTIONS AS SUBJECTS

OF FINANCIAL LAW. THE DEFINITION OF THE STATE (MUNICIPAL)

INSTITUTIONS AND THEIR CLASSIFICATION

© 2015 Lozovoy Mikhail Mikhailovich Financial University under the Government of Russian Federation Leningradsky pr., 49, Moscow, Russia, 125993 E-mail: lm1990@mail.ru This scientific article is devoted to the definition of the state (municipal) institutions as subjects of financial law, their classification in accordance with current scientific literature and legislation of the Russian Federation.

Key words: state (municipal) institutions, financial law, subjects, classification.

PROBLEMS OF FORMATION AND MODERNIZATION OF MATERIAL STIMULATION

IN SYSTEM OF THE PUBLIC CIVIL SERVICE OF THE SUBJECT RUSSIAN FEDERATION

–  –  –

In this article features of material stimulation of the public civil servants of subjects of the Russian Federation, some problems of its legal regulation are considered, and also suggestions for improvement of the operating structure and procedure of payment of the monetary contents by the civil servant of subjects of the Russian Federation are formulated.

Key words: material stimulation of the public civil servants of subjects of the Russian Federation, structure of the monetary contents, incentive, compensation, additional payments.

TOPICAL QUESTIONS OF STATE NON-BUDGETARY FUNDS LEGAL LIABILITY

–  –  –

There has been study of legal liability aspects in the context of state non-budgetary funds actions.

Norms of tax, criminal and budgetary legislation were researched by means of rather-legal analysis; it was stated, that different types of legal liability are applied towards funds. A definition of state-non budgetary funds legal liability was determined in the article.

–  –  –

The article describes the founding document of the Council of Europe in the field of social rights European social Charter (revised). We analyzed the mechanism of the implementation of the European social Charter. Paid attention to the activities of the oversight mechanism established in the framework of the European social Charter - European Committee of social rights.

Presents an overview of the articles of the European social Charter, which shall be binding on the Russian Federation, as well as those articles that have not yet ratified.

Key words: European social Charter (revised) European Committee of social rights, the ratification of the European social Charter (revised), the obligations of the state, right to work, right to Association.

–  –  –

The article reviews details of the first case where the basics of the “group of companies” doctrine were formulated. The doctrine is used to determine true parties of an arbitration agreement. The list of these parties may be wider than the list of the parties who signed the contract. This case leads to the following conclusions.

Key words: international commercial arbitration, jurisdiction, “group of companies” doctrine, “competence-competence” principle.





118 Economic аnd Law Issues. 2015. № 4

–  –  –

This article discusses the basic scientific approaches to the definition of economic space - territorial, resource, process, institutional, systemic, and given the author’s description of the economic space.

Key words: economic space, subspace, economic environment, institutionalism, system approach.

–  –  –

Discusses the formation of contradictory tendencies in the Russian industrial sector serving the objective prerequisites for the re-industrialization of the national economy. It is shown that the deterioration of key indicators of industrial development is accompanied by a lack of orders portfolio and the low level of capacity utilization, which negatively affects the performance and production efficiency.

Key words: industry, products, export, import, capital, investment, business confidence.

–  –  –

The paper proves necessity to support information technologies industry in terms of development of information infrastructure and providing the national information security. We insist that the policy of protectionism will lead to further decrease the level of competitiveness. Proposed the roadmap of development the IT industry.

–  –  –

The role and importance of small business in economic development, reviewed and summarized the advantages and disadvantages of small businesses in Russia. Identified problems hindering the development of small enterprises and solved the problem of investment of small enterprises as the main factor hindering their growth.

Key words: entrepreneurship, small business, methods of evaluation, investment, investment attractiveness.

INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT ON A CASE OF INTERNET BANKING

–  –  –

The key point of the following research is to analyze the changes of finance services market caused by development of information economy. Survey contains samples of so called fintech project and start-ups which provide e-finance as well as mobile banking services. Described the trends of displacing the cash in favor of electronic finance transactions. Highlighted the tendency to further development of information technologies.

Key words: information economy, mobile banking, information and communication technologies, mobile finance.

DESTRUCTIVE FACTORS DETERMINING THE DECREASE IN THE EFFICIENCYOFLAND USE*

–  –  –

The article attempts to examine the complex factors that influence in varying degrees to the destructive trends in agriculture in conditions of necessity of import substitution.

Key words: destruction, import substitution, intensification, crop farming, land resources.

* This article was written with the financial support of Russian Foundation for Humanities, grant № 14-02-00150 “Overcoming destructive tendencies and improving the efficiency of management of land relations in Russia”.

120 Economic аnd Law Issues. 2015. № 4

–  –  –

Examines strategic management in energy companies. Today the key to successful and consistent development of any business is an effective strategy: realistic, tied to the resources of the organization, flexible, simple and understandable for managers of different levels, containing novelty and competitive advantage.

Key words: strategic management, energy efficiency, electric companies, energy infrastructure.

–  –  –

The issues to improve implementation of innovative projects in the early stages of the innovation process. Substantiates the role of the team, its composition and competencies in the success of an innovative project. Formed the necessary requirements to be met by the project team. Proposed tools forming project teams.

Key words: innovation project, efficiency, team, competence, tools forming project teams.

–  –  –

The article discusses the relevance of orientation of companies on consumers, manifested in the actions aimed at formation of customer loyalty. The classification of consumer loyalty is made with a focus on possible approaches to its assessment.

Key words: customer loyalty, marketing tools, evaluation, consumers.

–  –  –

The article describes well-established techniques for assessing the effectiveness of target complex programs of development of regions, gaps and omissions, and developed practical recommendations for their improvement. The method was tested on the example of the Chechen Republic and has proved its worth.

Key words: target comprehensive programs, stages of development, performance evaluation, methods of evaluation, social, economic, and budgetary effect of the implementation, the rating.

MODERN CONTRADICTIONS OF INTERACTION OF BANK

AND REAL SECTORS OF ECONOMY OF THE VOLGA FEDERAL DISTRICT

–  –  –

Results of the research of modern contradictions of interaction of bank and real sectors of economy of the Volga Federal District conducted by them are given in article of authors. Balance of the research which is carried out by authors is reached due to integrated consideration of theoretic-practical base within the analyzed direction. Authors pay separate attention in the conducted research to a question of search and ranging of contradictions of interaction of bank and real sectors of economy from a position of their importance and probability of permission in 2015-2017.

–  –  –

Active utilization of the potential of public-private partnership (PPP) forms the key prerequisite for the transfer of Russian economy and its regional economic systems to the innovative type of development.

Under modern conditions, the role of PPP in the implementation of economically and socially important projects in the region is growing, including development of tourist-recreational complex.

Key words: public-private partnership, tourism and recreation complex, objects of tourism infrastructure, special economic zones, clusters.

–  –  –

The article considers the distinctive features of the sports and recreation cycle, which is a special form of the service lifecycle, characterized with several distinctive features that require consideration as a separate economic concepts.

Key words: market services, sports and recreation cycle, consumer segments, life cycle, motivation.





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