WWW.THESIS.DISLIB.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Online materials, documents
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 3 | 4 ||

«Keywords: feminist methodology, feminist oral history, critical Indigenous theory, forced migration, queer studies, LGBT refugees Copyright by ...»

-- [ Page 5 ] --

The hyphen continues to be present in my research and will remain after this project is “officially” finished. As a nonrefugee white queer settler, the difference between me and my participants is always present. Instead of seeing this as a disadvantage, an invitation to navel-gazing, or something to be smoothed over, I take the hyphen as an opportunity to poke and ultimately unsettle my position of power to speak next to LGBT refugees. I was given a great amount of responsibility and trust in documenting their stories to an outside world. With this great responsibility, I face internal and external confrontations and challenges as an outsider talking about LGBT refugee issues and concerns. I choose not to convey their stories in my own words in order to speak for and about refugee issues and concerns. Instead, I keep their words intact and speak in proximity to them (Minh-Ha 1989, 119). Within the finished text of my dissertation, I take every opportunity to show the authority of the participants in talking to power through their stories and lived experiences. That authority is something that needs to be acknowledged and respected. I leave the seams open by showing my interaction in the interview (Behar 1993). I make it clear in the dissertation where I am interpreting something and where my participants are interpreting. The dissertation is one form of knowledge production, but it isn’t the only form or the most effective for social change. In order to disseminate the knowledge provided and produced in my doctoral research to a wider and more diverse audience, I work with LGBT refugees and activists to provide new avenues and platforms for the refugees to speak directly to the public and people in positions of power. Their voices are much stronger than mine, and I feel honored that I can listen and learn from them. This process is not always smooth, but it is essential in sharing interpretative authority.

Conclusion: “I Learned that I Am Still Learning” John: So what did you finally learn about us gay refugees?

–  –  –

John: [laughs] Good work. You still have a lot to learn from us…5 Addressing interpretative authority in feminist oral history can be an overwhelming task. It was certainly an important learning curve for me in my work with LGBT refugees and their oral histories. My experiences are not unique. There is no community in the world that is exempt from troubling politics, from systems of power, and from structural violence. Research is embedded in systems of power whether research stems from educational institutions, political or activist initiatives, or community projects. The call for emancipation, shared authority, and empowerment through the collection, analysis, and dissemination of oral histories should always remain critical and reflexive. What oral histories actually do in intersecting networks of discourse and power is something that cannot always be fully determined when designing a research project, but the effects of such intersections should not be ignored. It would be a mistake to let sometimes unanswerable, difficult, and untidy questions of authority, power, and knowledge dissuade us from doing oral history work, or to only focus on the difficulties.

While there is no single way to execute oral history and no single solution to challenges of interpretative authority, engaging in critical self-examination of practices and developing a range of models according Journal of Feminist Scholarship 10 (Spring 2016) to specific and unique research situations is the obligation of the researcher. In consistently questioning ourselves and our methods, we encourage dialogue both within and outside the feminist oral history community. The questions put forth by critical Indigenous scholars are an important contribution to this discussion. These questions about role, responsibility, and position of the researcher and the participants push the oral historian to fully address participants’ authority in the research. It is not enough to simply state that research is inherently unequal or exploitative; instead, feminist oral historians need to work within their practice and address interpretative authority pragmatically. In questioning interpretative authority, I tried to address what I see as a lack of critical discourse on participants’ interpretative authority in the research. Both the narrator and the oral historian are subjective and agentic beings in oral history.

Both have authority in forming the text and shaping the analysis. As much as an oral historian should empathize and create solidarity with the narrator and their community, it is important to recognize the difference—the hyphen—between the narrator and the interviewer. Working the hyphen means to be in constant dialogue with the participants, as well as with yourself as the oral historian and with the larger structures of power that envelop the research. It is through this work that we can unsettle interpretative authority within feminist oral history projects and create new avenues for dialogue.

Notes

I want to sincerely thank the editors and reviewers for this article. Their time and energy were vital to the article’s revision, pushing my critical inquiry and elevating my arguments. I want to thank the volunteers, activists, and members of Rainbow Refugee for providing me with so many opportunities to learn and grow as an activist and academic. I want to thank Brandon Cirillo for his copyediting. This work would not have come into fruition without his help. I also want to thank Edward Chinevere for reviewing previous versions of this article. Last but not least, I want to express my gratitude to the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans refugees who let me into their lives and allowed me to record their stories. Their kindness and patience will never go unappreciated. I will always be learning.





1. All of the participants’ names have been changed. Country of origin is only referenced as the general geographical location. Participants’ gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, and age were recorded, but other identifying information was not recorded in the finished transcript. Participants signed a confidentiality agreement and were given a copy of the signed agreement.

2. It is important to acknowledge the challenge of language used to refer to sexual and gender identity and orientation when working with refugee persons. All of the participants in this research self-identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and/or trans. I identified myself to the participants as a queer cisgender woman.

These identity terms should not be seen as universal or monolithic, and particular attention must be paid to the ways in which persons use identity terms strategically, as well to how these terms may be adapted and transformed across locations, cultures, and communities.

3. The interview excerpts used in this article come from my 2013–15 doctoral research on landed lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans-identified (LGBT) refugees’ experiences of settlement in Metro Vancouver. The focus of this study was to investigate how home and belonging inform and are informed by the affectual and material experiences and embodied memories of landed LGBT refugees living in Metro Vancouver.

The research used a mixed participatory methodology based on extended oral histories with fifteen LGBT refugees and participatory photography with six LGBT refugees. The interviews were conducted in English. I interviewed participants three times, with each interview lasting two to three hours. Finished transcripts were edited and approved by Journal of Feminist Scholarship 10 (Spring 2016) the participants before being used in the dissertation. Participants received a copy of each finalized transcript for their own records.

Participatory photography took place with six LGBT refugees who had previously participated in the oral history interviews. Individuals were given a camera and asked to take or share photographs that represented or helped express home for them. Participants were given free direction to decide what photographs they wanted to take or share. After the photographs were taken, participants would sit with me and discuss each photograph. This discussion was recorded and transcribed. Participants reviewed and edited the finished transcript. Participants were able to keep a copy of the photographs and finalized transcription.

4. Amira is a lesbian-identified cisgender woman from the Middle East. She made her refugee claim in 2012 and was accepted in 2013.

5. John is a gay-identified cisgender man from Eastern Asia who made a refugee claim in 2011 and was accepted in 2012.

References Abrams, Lynn. 2010. Oral History Theory. New York: Routledge.

Ang, Ien. 2003. “I’m Feminist but… ‘Other’ Women and Postnational Feminism.” In Feminist Postcolonial Theory, edited by Reina Lewis and Sara Mills, 190–207. New York: Routledge.

Anderson, Kathryn, Susan Armitage, Dana Jack, and Judith Wittner. 1987. “Beginning Where We Are: Feminist Methodology in Oral History.” The Oral History Review 15 (1): 103–27.

Behar, Ruth. 1993. Translated Woman. Boston: Beacon Press.

Best, Amy. 2003. “Doing Race in the Context of Feminist Interviewing: Constructing Whiteness through Talk.” Qualitative Inquiry 9 (6): 895–914.

Bornat, Joanna, and Hanna Diamond. 2007. “Women’s History and Oral History.” Women’s History Review 16 (1):

19–39.

Cynthia Brown. 2006. “Moving On: Reflections on Oral History and Migrant Communities in Britain.” Oral History 34 (1): 69–80.

Etter-Lewis, Gwendolyn. 1991. “Black Women’s Life Stories: Reclaiming Self in Narrative Text.” In Gluck and Patai, Women’s Words, 43–59.

Francis, Jenny. 2010. “Poor Housing Outcomes among African Refugees in Metro Vancouver.” Canadian Issues: 59– 63.

Freire, Paulo. 2000. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. 30th anniversary edition. New York: Continuum.

Frisch, Michael. 1990. A Shared Authority: Essays on the Craft and Meaning of Oral and Public History. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Gluck, Sherna Berger. 2008. “Women’s Oral History: Is It So Special?” In Thinking about Oral Histories: Theories

and Applications, edited by Thomas L. Charlton, Lois E. Myers, and Rebecca Sharpless, 115–39. Lanham, MD:

AltaMira Press.

Gluck, Sherna Berger, and Daphne Patai, eds. 1991. Women’s Words: The Feminist Practice of Oral History. New York:

Routledge.

–  –  –

Jones, Alison, and Kuni Jenkins. 2008. “Rethinking Collaboration: Working the Indigenous-Colonizer Hyphen.” In Handbook of Critical and Indigenous Methodologies, edited by Norman K. Denzin, Yvonna S. Lincoln, and Linda Tuhiwai Smith, 473–80. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Jordan, Sharalyn. 2009. “Un/Convention(al) Refugees: Contextualizing the Accounts of Refugees Facing Homophobic or Transphobic Persecution.” Refuge 26 (2): 165–82.

Kim, Soon Nam. 2008. “Whose Voice Is It Anyway? Rethinking the Oral History Method in Accounting Research on Race, Ethnicity and Gender.” Critical Perspectives on Accounting 19 (8): 1346–69.

Kratz, Corrine. 2001. “Conversations and Lives.” In African Words, African Voices, edited by Stephan F. Miescher and David William Cohen, 127–61. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Madison, Soyini. 1993. “‘That Was My Occupation’: Oral Narrative, Performance, and Black Feminist Thought.” Text and Performance Quarterly 13 (3): 213–32.

Minh-Ha, Trinh T. 1989. Women, Native, Other: Writing Postcoloniality and Feminism. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Minister, Kristina. 1991. “A Feminist Frame for the Oral History Interview.” In Gluck and Patai, Women’s Words, 27–42.

Patai, Daphne. 1991. “U.S. Academics and Third World Women: Is Ethical Research Possible?” In Gluck and Patai, Women’s Words, 137–54.

Reay, Diane. 1996. “Insider Perspectives or Stealing the Words Out of Women’s Mouths.” Feminist Review 53: 57–73.

Rich, Adrienne. 2003. “Notes Towards a Politics of Location.” In Feminist Postcolonial Theory, edited by Reina Lewis and Sara Mills, 29–42. New York: Routledge.

Robertson, Leslie, andKwagu’l Gixsam Clan. 2012. Standing up with Ga’axsta’las: Jane Constance Cook and the Politics of Memory, Church, and Custom. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.

Sangster, Joan. 1994. “Telling Our Stories: Feminist Debates and the Use of Oral History.” Women’s History Review 3 (1): 5–28.

Scanlon, Jennifer. 1993. “Challenging the Imbalances of Power in Feminist Oral History: Developing a Take-and-Give Methodology.” Women’s Studies International Forum 16 (6): 639–45.

Smith, Linda Tuhiwai. 1998. Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples. New York: Zed Books.

Stearns, Gail. 1998. “Reflexivity and Moral Agency: Restoring Possibility to Life History.” Frontiers 19 (3): 58–71.

Stuart, Mary. 1993. “And How Was It for You, Mary? Self, Identity and Meaning for Oral Historians.” Oral History 21 (2): 80–83.

Swadener, Beth, and Kagendo Mutua. 2008. “Decolonizing Performances, Deconstructing the Global in the Postcolonial.” In Handbook of Critical and Indigenous Methodologies, edited by Norman K. Denzin, Yvonna S. Lincoln, and Linda Tuhiwai Smith, 31–45. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Thurner, Manuela. 1997. “Subject to Change: Theories and Paradigms of U.S. Feminist History.” Journal of Women’s History 9 (2): 122–46.

Yow, Valerie. 1995. “Ethics and Interpersonal Relationships in Oral History Research.” Oral History Review 22 (1):

51–66.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 3 | 4 ||


Similar works:

«Talking Film with Fredric Jameson A Conversation with Michael Chanan I MC In ‘The Existence of Italy’ you say you felt some discomfort with the hegemonic position once occupied by the journal ‘Screen’. What was the nature of this discomfort? FJ Screen accomplished a lot, certainly they were a conduit for all kinds of French theory as related to film, and no one would want to downplay their historical role. I found, as with the Althusserians in France itself, that there was a tone of...»

«DARFUR HISTORICAL AND CONTEMPORARY ASPECTS By R.S. O'Fahey & Jérôme Tubiana1 TABLE OF CONTENTS A Darfur time-line Some Geography Part One: Some General Considerations The Arab/non-Arab Divide The State The British Interlude, 1916-56 Since 1956 Islam State and Customary Law Land Tenure and Hakura Part Two: Presentday Ethnographic Map Conclusion Administrative Titles and Terms Select Bibliography The authors wish to thank the various agencies who have employed them as consultants, Action Contre...»

«Language and Power There is a great deal of discussion of the relationship between language that is control over the meaning of words and power, power in the sense of political power and control of institutions and nations. We will address that important issue only briefly at this time with a brief examination of the thesis of George Orwell’s iconic political novel1984. Orwell’s book was titled with a year in the near future but the manuscript was written just after the Second World War and...»

«_The Future of Education: Reimagining Our Schools from the Ground Up By Kieran Egan. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008. ix; 190 pp. $20.00 _ Reviewed by Steven P. Jones, Missouri State University People reading this review of Kieran Egan’s book The Future of Education: Reimagining Our Schools from the Ground Up will be old enough and experienced enough with the ways of American public schooling to have some opinion about the state of our schools— about the problems they face and what...»

«21 Jan., 1953 NOTES ON THE LIFE HISTORY OF COLUMBIGALLINA TALPACOTI IN SURINAM By FR. HAVERSCHMIDT The Talpacoti Ground Dove (Columbigallina talpacoti) has an extensive range, occurring from tropical Mexico south to eastern Peru and northern Argentina. Peters (1937: 108) recognizes four races of which the nominate? C. t. taZpacoti, is found in Surinam. The general color of the male is deep vinaceous-chestnut, somewhat paler on the under surface; the crown of the head and the nape are bluish...»

«Time, History and International Law DEVELOPMENTS IN INTERNATIONAL LAW VOLUME 58 Time, History and International Law Edited by Matthew Craven Malgosia Fitzmaurice and Maria Vogiatzi MARTINUS NIJHOFF PUBLISHERS LEIDEN • BOSTON A C.I.P. record for this book is available from the Library of Congress. ISSN: 0924-5332 ISBN-13: 978-90-04-15481-0 ISBN-10: 90-04-15481-7 © 2007 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands. Koninklijke Brill NV incorporates the imprints Brill, Hotei Publishers, IDC...»

«HELENA by Evelyn Waugh To Penelope Betjeman PREFACE It is reported (and I, for one, believe it) that some few years ago a lady prominent for her hostility to the Church returned from a visit to Palestine in a state of exultation. 'I got the real low-down at last,' she told her friends. 'The whole story of the crucifixion was made up by a British woman named Ellen. Why, the guide showed me the very place where it happened. Even the priests admit it. They call their chapel the Invention of the...»

«PROFILE OF A STREET PREACHER “The righteous are as BOLD as LIONS” -Proverbs 31:1 1) The art of preaching We must first recognize that open-air preaching is an acquired skill, as opposed to being a supernatural gift. Such a notion is in fact a great myth-conception. Public speaking may come more naturally to some and seem quite fearful to others. Open-air preaching will not be easy for everyone who is supposed to do it. Once we view preaching as a skill, we can learn to improve our skills to...»

«Vol. XV, No. 154, HOPKINSHOSPITAL BULLETIN, [From THE JOHNS January. 1904.1 THE MASTER WORD IN MEDICINE.' BY WILLIAM OSLER, M. D., F. R. S., Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md. I. Eefore proceeding to the pleasing duty of addressing the [I] undergraduates, as a native of this province and as a n old stndent of this school, T must say a few words on the momentous changes inaugurated with this session, the most important, perhaps, which have taken place in the history...»

«School of Oriental and African Studies University of London The Constitutional System of Thailand: A Contextual Analysis; Historical Analysis and Contemporary Issues in Thai Constitutionalism ANDREW HARDING PETER LEYLAND SOAS School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series  Research Paper No. 07 / 2011 Reprinted from The Constitutional System of Thailand: A Contextual Analysis  By Andrew Harding & Peter Leyland Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2011, pp. 1-36....»

«“Why Socrates Was Wrong: Moral Theology and Original Sin,” paper presented in the international academic conference Il peccato originale: Una prospettiva interdisciplinare, Rome, Italy, March 3, 2005. Why Socrates Was Wrong: Moral Theology and Original Sin Father Thomas D. Williams, L.C. ! Philosophical anthropology sets the basic framework for the moral life in its grasp of the freedom of the human person. Human reason and experience testify to man’s ability to know moral good and evil,...»

«Exegesis of Genesis: OT 626 2013 OT 626 Exegesis of Genesis Spring 2013 Thursdays 2:00pm—5:00pm Instructor: Carol M. Kaminski Office hours: TBA Provisional Course Outline 1. Course Objectives: The primary objective of this course is to help students develop Hebrew language and exegetical skills in preparation for teaching and preaching from the Old Testament. This will be achieved through weekly translation exercises, word studies and exegetical questions (Gordon-Conwell Mission Statement...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2017 www.thesis.dislib.info - Online materials, documents

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.