WWW.THESIS.DISLIB.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Online materials, documents
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 2 | 3 || 5 |

«Chapter I – As Nick Carraway tells it, “the history of the summer really begins” on the evening that he dined with his distant cousin Daisy and ...»

-- [ Page 4 ] --

Why doesn‟t Gatsby flee? (Because he will not leave Daisy. He still thinks that Daisy needs or may need him. Of Gatsby, Nick says: “He couldn‟t possibly leave Daisy until he knew what she was going to do. He was clutching at some last hope and I couldn‟t bear to shake him free” (155). ) Nick knows that Daisy is not going to leave Tom for Gatsby, but he hasn‟t the heart to tell Gatsby. Why? (The news would devastate him. The dream of Daisy is all Gatsby has now, and it is beginning to crumble.) At the beginning of the novel Nick states that he despises all the people he met on Long Island that summer. He says that after spending time out east he wanted the “world to be in uniform and at a sort of moral attention forever” (6). As Nick walks away from

Gatsby he compliments him, and is pleased with himself for doing so:

“They‟re a rotten crowd,” I shouted, across the lawn. “You‟re worth the whole damn bunch put together.” I‟ve always been glad I said that. It was the only compliment I ever gave him, because I disapproved of him from beginning to end (162).

Who is the “rotten crowd,” and what does Nick “scorn” and despise about them? (The Buchanans, Jordan Baker, and the people who attend Gatsby‟s parties. Nick scorns their inability to care for others, their snobbishness, and their vacuous, immoral lives.) Why is Gatsby, who “represented everything for which I have unaffected scorn,” exempt from Nick‟s reaction (6)? (Nick admires Gatsby‟s ability to remain true to his dream until the end. Gatsby is undeterred in his quest for Daisy, even though she is unattainable. Nick also admires Gatsby‟s determination to stick around and accept the consequences of the accident.) E.S. Bakalian; bakaliane@mail.montclair.edu 25 Nick says he no longer wants to know any secret desires and yearnings in men‟s hearts;

knowing too much about what men hope and dream saddens him. He has no ill-feelings towards Gatsby (except, perhaps, for his illegal business practices), saying “No – Gatsby turned out all right at the end; it was what preyed on Gatsby, what foul dust floated in the wake of his dreams that temporarily closed out my interested in the abortive sorrows and short-winded elations of men” (6-7).) What is the “foul dust” that follows Gatsby? (It is the motley crowd of party people who flock to his sparkling and lavish parties, uninvited but welcomed, and who partake liberally of his generous nature. It is people like the Buchanans and Jordan Baker who only care for themselves. The dust could also represent Gatsby‟s illegal business dealings. Nick no longer wants to associate with such people.) During their early morning talk Nick realizes that “‟Jay Gatsby‟ had broken up like glass against Tom‟s hard malice and the long secret extravaganza was played out” (155). What does this mean? How does Tom break Gatsby? (Tom destroys Gatsby‟s dream of attaining Daisy by crushing the man “Jay Gatsby.” Tom laughs at him, scornfully telling him that Daisy has no intention of leaving him for Gatsby. He points out Gatsby‟s flaws or weaknesses – the drug store business, the shady dealings with Wolfsheim, and the fact that Gatsby is not accepted by the social class in which he and Daisy live. Gatsby cannot recover from these fatal wounds. Tom figuratively slaps Gatsby in the face by telling Daisy to go home in his car. He knows that Gatsby is too weak after their battle to try and steal Daisy away from him, and he flaunts her in his face.) Nick believes that Gatsby would have told him anything about his secret life. Why doesn‟t Nick ask him any of the questions he has been curious about for so long? (It no longer matters. Nick allows Gatsby to do what he needs to do – talk about Daisy.) Gatsby tells Nick that he fell in love with Daisy because she represents mystery and “gay and radiant activities” which he could only imagine (155). He values Daisy, as did her other suitors, even more so because there were other suitors. Daisy represents a prize to be won, and Gatsby spends his whole life working to win her. By loving Daisy, he “committed himself to the following of a grail” (156).

E.S. Bakalian; bakaliane@mail.montclair.edu 26 What does the expression “following the Holy Grail” connote? (The word “grail” invokes the images of knights who spent their days on a quest, a mission, for the elusive object. In this case Daisy is the “grail,” she is the one object in this dream of wealth that must be possessed; she is the most expensive object as well, as Tom knows when he gives her the $350,000 pearl necklace the night before their wedding.

Gatsby has indeed devoted his life to Daisy, in the hopes of obtaining her, like a knight in shining armor.) Does Gatsby fall in love with Daisy, the young woman, or Daisy, the rich prize?

(Gatsby treats the courting of Daisy as if she were a prize, something to be won, and he falls in love with that vision. Daisy is more than a symbol of all the things Gatsby desires, she is the ultimate object, the finest prize, within the world of which he wants to be a part. He cannot separate the woman from the wealth, and his dream of having wealth can only be fulfilled with her by his side. Even though he achieves the wealth, it means nothing to him without her, which is why he cancels the parties when she shows her disapproval.) Later Nick correctly suspects that Wilson walks to Tom‟s house the day he murders Gatsby. What does Tom tell Wilson? (That the car belonged to Gatsby, and that he knows where Wilson can find him. He also may have told Wilson that Gatsby was Myrtle‟s lover.) What is different about this chapter and the next from the rest of the novel?





(Fitzgerald abandons the dramatic method. Nick tells us what happened after Myrtle‟s fatal car accident, but he isn‟t there as an eyewitness.) E.S. Bakalian; bakaliane@mail.montclair.edu 27

Chapter IX – pages 171-189

Nick phones in “news of the catastrophe to West Egg Village,” and becomes the person who plans Gatsby‟s funeral and to whom all questions are referred (172). He has just turned thirty years old and, overnight, he seemingly gains a moral conscious. Nick desperately tries to get people to come to the funeral but it is an impossible task. Nick calls Daisy soon after he learns of Gatsby‟s death, but Daisy and Tom have packed their bags and skipped town; no one knows of their whereabouts. He sends a letter to Meyer Wolfsheim, asking him if he knows of Gatsby‟s family.

Nick is shocked that he does not hear from Daisy. He begins “to have a feeling of defiance, of scornful solidarity between Gatsby and…[himself] against them all” (173). Why doesn‟t Daisy call? (Daisy cannot be bothered; she has already left town, left the mess she created. In his letter to Nick, Wolfsheim states that is afraid to get “mixed up.” He wants to protect himself, and to ensure that his name is not in any way connected to Gatsby‟s murder.) Wolfsheim claims to have “started” Gatsby on his road to riches, but he won‟t come to the funeral, saying he “never like[s] to get mixed up” when someone is killed (179). What does Wolfsheim imagine happened to Gatsby? (Wolfsheim thinks Gatsby was murdered by a hit man, and that Gatsby‟s death has something to do with his business dealings in the underworld. He has no idea that a jealous and deranged husband murdered Gatsby.) Three days after Gatsby‟s death Nick receives a telegram from Gatsby‟s father, Henry C.

Gatz, saying that he is attending the funeral. Mr. Gatz shows Nick a list that Gatsby made as a child. One is a schedule of activities, which includes specific times for exercises and sports, and the other is a list of “general resolves,” such as “no wasting time,” and “read one improving book or magazine a week” (181-82).

What does young Gatsby‟s list tell us about his character? (Even as a young boy he wanted to transform himself, to improve himself, to get ahead, to push himself to the limits.) E.S. Bakalian; bakaliane@mail.montclair.edu 28 Nick runs into Tom on the street in New York in late October. Tom feels “entirely justified” for telling Wilson who owned the yellow car, and had no guilt over Gatsby‟s death, saying “That fellow had it coming to him. He threw dust in your eyes just like he did in Daisy‟s, but he was a tough one. He ran over Myrtle like you‟d run over a dog and never even stopped his car.” (187).

Why doesn‟t Nick tell Tom that Daisy was driving the car? (Because it no longer matters. The fact would not change a thing for Tom and Daisy Buchanan. They would continue to live their lives as they do – in a moral vacuum. The truth, Nick realizes, an “unutterable fact” (187).

Nick calls Tom and Daisy “careless people,…they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made….” (187-88). Explain Nick‟s summary of the Buchanans.

Nick says he is a man of “provincial squeamishness,” unlike someone such as Tom Buchanan (188). What is Nick‟s “provincial squeamishness?” (His squeamishness is his old-fashioned moral code. He believes that people need to be held responsible for their actions, and he does not want to be associated with anyone who does not live by this moral code.) What has happened to Nick? (He has a change of heart; he is no longer in awe of people like the Buchanans who have great wealth and live in a world apart from most people.) The ending of novel invokes the Dutch explorers who first sailed up the Hudson River in what is now New York, and Fitzgerald plays upon the sense of wonder that these sailors must have experienced as they looked at the majestic cliffs lining the river. Explain how the image of exploring the New World can be associated with Gatsby. (Gatsby‟s greatness lies in his ability to have a capacity for wonder and for dreams as great as those sailors‟ had when they imagined the world that lies beyond the cliffs. His tragedy is that his dream, which is symbolized by a green light and seemingly endless possibilities, is embodied by a callous and cowardly woman who is not worth the effort.) E.S. Bakalian; bakaliane@mail.montclair.edu 29

THEMES – Discuss the following themes with your class.

1. Dreams -- The Great Gatsby is a novel of dreams and hopes, of dreams lost and illusions shattered. Gatsby‟s dream of acquiring Daisy and all that she represents is the main focus of the novel, but the dreams of Myrtle and Nick are also important. Myrtle dreams of escaping from her husband, from the garage business, and from the ash dump which covers their very essence. Both Myrtle and Gatsby pursue the dream of wealth, but Myrtle‟s dream collapses because it is wholly materialistic, while Gatsby requires wealth to win the golden princess Daisy, and therefore his dream is incorruptible. His dream becomes a romantic quest for something elusive. Tragically, Daisy is not the woman Gatsby dreams she is. Myrtle dies a wretched death, without fulfilling her dream.

Although Gatsby, too, is killed, the myth of the “Great Gatsby” lives on. Nick‟s dreams are more concrete: he wants to strike it rich on the East Coast as a bonds salesman. But when Nick detects the shallowness of those who live in the society to which he thought he‟d like to belong, he moves back to the middle-west. Gatsby, however, never learns that the class he emulates, the people of West Egg, is not worth his efforts. He dies not knowing that he was betrayed by that very society, in the persons of Tom and Daisy Buchanan. His dream, therefore, lives on, uncorrupted.

2. Time -- Fitzgerald incorporates the image of Time throughout the novel, as he does in many of his works. Nick‟s story is told as if the events were unfolding in time; however, a close reading points to the fact that chronological order is not the rule. Gatsby wants to recall time, to relive the past, and is incredulous when Nick tells him that simply cannot

be done:

“Can‟t repeat the past?” he cried incredulously. “Why of course you can!” He looked around him wildly, as if the past were lurking here in the shadow of his house, just out of reach of his hand.” (116-117).

Recovering the past is so important to Gatsby that he is especially stunned by the presence of Daisy‟s daughter, for she represents the present, a time in which Gatsby does not want to live. Gatsby‟s dream depends upon regaining Daisy‟s love and admiration, and when she does not leave Tom for Gatsby, he is at a loss. Nick imagines that he E.S. Bakalian; bakaliane@mail.montclair.edu 30 looked out at the world and saw that it was “unfamiliar… material without being real, where poor ghosts, breathing dreams like air, drift fortuitously about…” (169). Nick guesses that in his last moments alive, Gatsby might have realized that Daisy was not going to call, and perhaps he felt that he had “paid a high price for living too long with a single dream” (169).



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 2 | 3 || 5 |


Similar works:

«Minnewaska State Park Preserve Master Plan: Chapter 3 – Environmental Setting Chapter 3 Environmental Setting Description of the Preserve Minnewaska State Park Preserve is located on a beautiful site on the Shawangunk Ridge. It is an area of diverse natural and cultural qualities, capable of providing a wide range of recreational activities. Minnewaska State Park Preserve (Preserve) is the site of two significant 19th century resort hotels, the Wildmere and the Cliffhouse, which attracted...»

«|1 It began with the Pulmotor The History of Mechanical Ventilation 4| |5 It began with the Pulmotor – The History of Mechanical Ventilation Ernst Bahns 6| Table of Contents A History of More Than 100 Years 8 The History of Ventilation Technology 10 “Zero Hour” in Machine Ventilation: The “Original Pulmotor” 10 The Control Principle of the Original Pulmotor 12 Subsequent Development of the Pulmotor by Bernhard Dräger 14 From Prototype to the Production Line: A New Control Principle...»

«Grace Journal 9.2 (1968) 3-22 Copyright © 1968 by Grace Theological Seminary. Cited with permission. THE UNFRUITFUL BRANCHES IN JOHN 15 CHARLES R. SMITH Professor of English Bible and Theology Miami Bible College INTRODUCTION The text of John 15 has been one of the historical battlegrounds of doctrinal interpretation. Perhaps only the passage in Hebrews 6 has been the scene of more battles between the Calvinistic and Arminian schools of interpretation concerning the matter of eternal security....»

«Representing the Unrepresentable: The Traumatic Affect An Honors Thesis By Daniel Ariew Thesis Directed by Dr. Alexander T. Levine With Readers and Panelists Dr. Douglas Jesseph And Dr. Joanne Waugh I. INTRODUCTION 3 II. THE TRAUMATIC AFFECT 6 III. FREUD AND MOSES 8 IV. POSTMEMORY AND THE SPACE OF ENCOUNTER 11 V. POSTMEMORY THROUGH ART AND EXPRESSION 14 VI. THE NATURE OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND HOS1 18 VII. HOS2 AND THE HISTORICAL ACCOUNT 24 VIII. THE TRAUMATIC FALL OF THE HISTORICAL...»

«100 Jahre 1892-1992 Musikgesellschaft Pratteln Jubiläumsschrift Imp ressum : Redaktion und Layout: Werner Annaheim, Hansjötg Dill, Fritz Sutter Sat z und Repros: Prattler Anzeiger Druck: Max Muff AG, Pratteln Fotos und Dokumente: Archiv der Musikgesellschaft Pratteln und Histori sche Dokumentensammlung Pratteln Vorwort Die Musikgesellschaft Prauel n, einer der Pfei ler der Prattler Dorfku lt ur, darf ihr 100jähriges Jubiläum feiern. 100 Jahre, das ist Historie, das führt in das letzte...»

«TRADITIONAL USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES BY THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLES OF THE NORTH IN THE MODERN WORLD A CONFLICT OF INTERESTS N.G. Ovsyanikov Despite some progress in the struggle of aboriginal peoples for their right to influence the development of their historic lands, there still exist various conflicts of interest and collisions between traditional ways of life and industrial civilization. The issue of the legal status of indigenous peoples of the Far North cannot be considered outside the...»

«BOOK REVIEW-LAUTERBACH-MACRO (DO NOT DELETE) 6/22/2012 3:52 PM OURSELVES UNBORN: A HISTORY OF THE FETUS IN MODERN AMERICA by Sara Dubow. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. 320 pp. $29.95 hardback. In his dissent in Webster v. Reproductive Health Services in 1989, Justice Harry Blackmun called abortion “the most politically divisive domestic legal issue of our time.”1 Over two decades later, his observation retains its cogency. In 2005, state legislators enacted 34 abortion...»

«UPDATE SECRETS OF HEALTH SPRING 2009 MARRIAGE –TRADITIONAL vs. SAME-SEX Marriage and the nuclear family have been of key importance to the health and survival of society for countless centuries. Marriage has been defined as one man and one woman since the beginning of recorded history. Why? Perhaps the simplest explanation is that survival of the species requires the encouragement of heterosexual couples, who reproduce, and then nurture the next generation to do the same. The unique, and...»

«PRESS NOTES RELEASE DATE – 5 JUNE 2013 Running Time: 96 mins Certificate: 15 CONTACT INFORMATION: Christelle Randall / Patrick Reed / Oliver Lavery (online) Christelle.randall@premiercomms.com Patrick.reed@premiercomms.com Oliver.lavery@premiercomms.com THE STONE ROSES: MADE OF STONE Synopsis In 2012, a resurrection no one thought possible took place when legendary band, The Stone Roses reformed after 16 years. With unprecedented access to previously unseen archive footage, MADE OF STONE is a...»

«The Museum of Underwater Archaeology Guest Blogger Anthology 2009 – 2010 Edited by T. Kurt Knoerl The MUA Guest Blogger Anthology 2009 2010 The Museum of Underwater Archaeology Guest Blogger Anthology 2009 – 2010 Edited by T. Kurt Knoerl Copyright © 2010 The Museum of Underwater Archaeology http://www.themua.org Cover image of the Walter B. Allen courtesy Tamara Thomsen and the Wisconsin Historical Society. Acknowledgements The Museum of Underwater Archaeology gratefully acknowledges the...»

«Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics Implicitly Grounded Beliefs Andrew Koehl Roberts Wesleyan College Biography Andrew Koehl is Professor of Philosophy at Roberts Wesleyan College. He received his Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Notre Dame, with specializations in historical philosophy, epistemology, philosophy of religion, and ethics. His research interests include epistemology, religious diversity, and applications of Aristotelian ethics. Publication Details Journal of Cognition...»

«2011–12 Navayana Contents New titles 3 Forthcoming 13 Backlist 16 Navayana Annual Lecture 33 Distribution, contacts 34 Navayana Book Club 35 Lettering on the front cover by Roshni Vyam; digna by Durgabai Vyam and Subhash Vyam from Bhimayana. Back cover art by Aparajita Ninan from Phule’s Gulamgiri/Slavery. 2011–12 People Without History India’s Muslim Ghettos Jeremy Seabrook, Imran Ahmed Siddiqui Rs 295 | 272 pages | 5.2” x 8” | Paperback | April 2010 RIGHTS: Only for sale in South...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2017 www.thesis.dislib.info - Online materials, documents

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.