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«Historic Resources Survey Report Harbor Gateway Community Plan Area Prepared for: City of Los Angeles Department of City Planning Office of Historic ...»

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1956. It is significant as one of the oldest remaining Japanese American businesses in the area. It represents the growth of the Japanese American community in the CPA after World War II.

Address: 700 West Gardena BoulevardDate: 1956

SurveyLA Harbor Gateway Community Plan Area Context: Public and Private Institutional Development, 1850-1980 Sub-Context: Military Institutions and Activities, 1769-1980 Theme: The Cold War, 1946-1989 Sub-Theme: Air Raid Sirens and Civil Defense, 1939-1960 Air raid sirens were installed throughout Los Angeles during the World War II and Cold War periods. Air raid sirens within the CPA are located near prominent intersections along commercial corridors that border residential neighborhoods and within the residential neighborhoods themselves. Two resources were documented under this sub-theme in the CPA. They are intact examples of Federal Model SD-10, “Wire Spool” air raid sirens. Both were installed on a freestanding support pole.

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SurveyLA Harbor Gateway Community Plan Area Context: Architecture and Engineering, 1850-1980 Theme: Arts and Crafts Movement, 1895-1930 Sub-Theme: Craftsman, 1905-1929 The Craftsman style is common in Southern California. The style was applied to singlefamily residential properties in the CPA. Resources evaluated under this context were recorded as excellent, intact examples of their style. Identified resources, such as the examples depicted below, exhibit a high quality of design and craftsmanship. They display the horizontal orientation, overhanging eaves, exposed rafter tails, and wood siding indicative of the style.

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Address: 739 West Gardena Boulevard Date: 1906 SurveyLA Harbor Gateway Community Plan Area Context: Architecture and Engineering, 1850-1980 Sub-Context: LA Modernism, 1919-1980 Theme: Postwar Modernism, 1946-1976 Sub-Theme: Mid-Century Modern, 1945-1970 Only two resources were recorded under this context/theme. They represent the postWorld War II development that took place in the Harbor Gateway CPA as well as the development of Mid-Century Modern architecture that took place during the period in the city at large. Both resources are single-family residential properties, which was a more common property type than multi-family residential properties in the CPA.

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SurveyLA Harbor Gateway Community Plan Area Context: Architecture and Engineering, 1850-1980 Sub-Context: LA Modernism, 1919-1980 Theme: Postwar Modernism, 1946-1976 Sub-Theme: Googie, 1935 – 1969 Only one resource was evaluated under this context/theme. It represents an excellent and rare, intact example of Googie architecture applied to a shopping center. The property includes its original storefronts, pole sign, and planters. This resource represents the extensive commercial development that took place in the post-war period in the CPA.

Address: 1530 West Carson Street Name: Carson Plaza Date: 1958 SurveyLA Harbor Gateway Community Plan Area Context: Residential Development and Suburbanization, 1850 – 1980 Theme: Automobile Suburbanization, 1908 – 1937 Sub-Theme: Suburban Planning and Development, 1908 – 1937 One intact concentration of street trees was evaluated as a representative example of a historic tract feature under this context/theme. These trees were planted as part of the cohesive development of residential subdivisions. The presence of these tract features, such as the mature Mexican fan palms (Washingtonia Robusta) depicted below, evokes the time and place of their historic period and context of development.

Location: Alondra Boulevard between and including Menlo Avenue and Ainsworth Street Type: Mexican Fan Palms Date: circa 1905 SurveyLA Harbor Gateway Community Plan Area Context: Cultural Landscapes, 1875 – 1980 Theme: Designed Landscapes, 1875 – 1980 Sub-Theme: Burial and Memory, 1877 – 1980 One landscape in the CPA was recorded under this context/theme. Roosevelt Memorial Park was developed as a memorial park in the 1920s. It is the first and only memorial park in the Harbor Gateway CPA. It was developed as the population of Los Angeles grew in the 1920s and the need for additional cemeteries arose in the city. The park is comprised of a lawn space that is landscaped with trees, including mature California Peppers, Chinese Elms, Corals, Oaks, Camphors, and Olives. Original features of the park include cast concrete entrance gate posts and a building that houses a Wurlitzer pipe organ.

Address: 18255 South Vermont Avenue Name: Roosevelt Memorial Park Period of Significance: 1924 – 1949 SurveyLA Harbor Gateway Community Plan Area Context: Residential Development and Suburbanization, 1850 – 1980 Theme: Post-War Suburbanization, 1938 – 1975 Sub-Theme: Suburban Planning and Development, 1938 – 1975 The Chacksfield Tract Residential Historic District was recorded utilizing the Post-War Suburbanization theme and Suburban Planning and Development sub-theme. The neighborhood, which was originally comprised of two tracts, is significant for its role in the post-war suburbanization of the Harbor Gateway CPA. The tracts were developed between 1956 and 1957 by George E. Chacksfield Homes Incorporated and in 1961 by the Grand Land Company. Chacksfield was responsible for numerous other developments in Gardena and the Harbor Gateway area in the 1950s and 1960s. The homes in the two tracts were designed by Mel Bogart and Richard Stoddard. Stoddard designed other projects for Chacksfield in the 1960s and was the architect for the Grand Land Company.

The tract is located north of the Gardena Freeway (State Route 91), south of West 168th Street, east of Vermont Avenue, and west of the Harbor Freeway (I-110). It is comprised of approximately 235 properties. The tract is characterized by Japanese-style gardens, reflecting the changing demographics of the area in the post-war era. The neighborhood retains a strong sense of time and place compared to other housing developments in the area from the same period.

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SurveyLA Harbor Gateway Community Plan Area For Further Reading The following is a list of general sources on the history and development of Harbor Gateway. This list is not comprehensive but is being provided for informational purposes.

Niiya, Brian, ed. Japanese American History: An A to Z Reference from 1868 to the Present.

New York: Facts on File, Inc., 1993.

Pitt, Leonard and Dale. Los Angeles A to Z: An Encyclopedia of the City and County. Berkley:

University of California Press, 1997.

White, Michael D. Port of Los Angeles. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2008.

Queenan, Charles F. “Great Free Harbor Fight: At Stake Was the Port Site for the Growing City of L.A.” Los Angeles Times. May 10, 1992. http://articles.latimes.com/1992-05news/we-2562_1_los-angeles-times.

SurveyLA Harbor Gateway Community Plan Area SurveyLA

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