«UOB U.S. Resolution Plan Public Section I. Introduction United Overseas Bank Limited (“UOB”) is, for purposes of U.S. banking law, a “foreign ...»
UOB U.S. Resolution Plan
United Overseas Bank Limited (“UOB”) is, for purposes of U.S. banking law, a “foreign
banking organization” with operations in the United States and more than $50 billion in total
consolidated assets. As a result, UOB is deemed to be a “covered company” in accordance with
the final rule implementing Section 165(d) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer
Protection Act (such final rule, the “Regulation”) issued by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (“FRB”) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”).
The Regulation requires each bank holding company (including a foreign banking organization such as UOB) with total consolidated assets of $50 billion or more, and each nonbank financial company supervised by the FRB (each, a “covered company”) to periodically prepare and submit a plan for such company's rapid and orderly resolution in the event of material financial distress or failure, referred to as a “resolution plan.” Inasmuch as UOB has global consolidated assets in excess of $50 billion, UOB is considered a “covered company” for purposes of the Regulation. Accordingly, UOB has submitted this U.S. Resolution Plan (the “Plan”) as required by the Regulation and related guidance.
As UOB is a foreign-based covered company, the Plan is required to be responsive to the informational requirements of the Regulation as they relate to only those UOB subsidiaries, branches and agencies, as well as any “critical operations” and “core business lines,” as applicable, that are domiciled in the United States or conducted in whole or material part in the United States. This Plan addresses how such U.S. operations can be reorganized, liquidated or otherwise resolved under applicable insolvency law in a reasonable period of time, without any extraordinary support from the U.S. government, and in an organized manner that substantially minimizes the risk that the failure of these entities, businesses or operations would have a serious adverse effect on U.S. financial stability. Additionally, to the extent applicable, the Plan identifies, describes in detail, and maps to legal entity the interconnections and interdependences among the U.S. subsidiaries, branches and agencies of UOB and its foreign-based affiliates.
As required by the Regulation, the Plan has been divided into a public section and a confidential section and is submitted in two parts. This document constitutes the public section of the Plan.
Overview UOB is incorporated and headquartered in the Republic of Singapore, and has an international network of more than 500 offices located throughout 19 countries and territories in the Asia Pacific, Western Europe and North America. It is a leading bank in Asia, where it operates through its branches and representative offices as well as through banking subsidiaries in Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, China, and the Philippines. UOB provides a wide
range of financial services including:
As of December 31, 2013, UOB’s total global assets, inclusive of its non-banking subsidiaries, was $225.2 billion as reported on its Form FR Y-7.
U.S. Operations UOB maintains a very small presence in the United States, consisting of merely two agency offices and a handful of non-banking subsidiaries, including two broker-dealers, a fund manager, a premises holding company, and several non-operating companies (collectively, the “U.S. Entities”). As of December 31, 2013, UOB New York and Los Angeles agency offices held $3.4 billion and $2.03 billion in assets (which consisted primarily of interests in commercial loans) respectively. The remaining U.S.-based subsidiaries, including UOB Funding LLC, 1 collectively held $123 million in assets. UOB employs only 62 people within the United States across its two agency offices and various non-banking subsidiaries.
A "material entity" is defined in the Regulation as "a subsidiary or foreign office of the covered company that is significant to the activities of a critical operation or core business UOB Funding LLC is a special purposes vehicle that formerly issued commercial paper in the U.S. in order to fund the operations of the UOB New York agency office. UOB Funding LLC is now dormant and in the process of being closed.
line." UOB has no “critical operations” as that term is defined in the Regulation.2 As explained in the next paragraph, UOB’s U.S. Entities do not comprise a “core business line” of UOB, and UOB’s U.S. Entities do not engage in any activities or provide any services that are significant to any of those core business lines conducted outside the United States. Based on these criteria, none of UOB’s U.S. entities are “material entities” for purposes of the Plan.
III. Core Business Lines
"Core business lines" are defined in the Regulation as "those business lines of the covered company, including associated operations, services, functions and support, that, in the view of the covered company, upon failure would result in a material loss of revenue, profit, or franchise value." Although UOB conducts a limited amount of commercial lending, broker-dealer, investment management and other activities through its U.S. Entities, the potential cessation of these activities, or the failure of one or more of the U.S. Entities, would not materially impact UOB’s business operations as a whole, and would not result in a material loss of revenue, profit, or franchise value to UOB. As a result, UOB does not believe that any of its core business lines are conducted in whole or in material part in the United States.
IV. Summary Financial Information Regarding Assets, Liabilities, Capital, and Major Funding Sources The summary financial information in this section was prepared in accordance with Singapore Financial Reporting Standards and the provisions of Chapter 50 of the Singapore Companies Act, and appears as it is set forth in UOB’s 2013 Annual Report. Unless otherwise indicated, all amounts are denominated in Singapore Dollars. The balance sheet contains columns showing information for both United Overseas Bank Limited itself (the column labeled “Bank”) and together with its global subsidiaries (the “Group”), and reflects UOB’s financial condition as of December 31, 2013.
Unless otherwise indicated, the following information pertains to UOB’s global operations as a whole.
The Regulation defines “critical operations” as those operations of the covered company, including associated services, functions and support, the failure or discontinuance of which, in the view of the covered company or as jointly directed by the FRB and the FDIC, would pose a threat to the financial stability of the United States. UOB has not been notified by the FRB or the FDIC that it engages in critical operations.
Major Funding Sources and Liquidity
UOB’s overall global funding position remained strong throughout 2013, with loans-todeposits ratio at 88.5% as at 31 December 2013. The Group’s funding base was further diversified with the issuance of $9.73 billion commercial papers under the US$10 billion US commercial paper programme in 2013.
UOB maintains sufficient liquidity to fund its day-to-day operations, meet deposit withdrawals and loan disbursements, participate in new investments and repay borrowings.
Hence, liquidity is managed in a manner to address known as well as unanticipated cash funding needs. Liquidity risk is managed in accordance with a framework of policies, controls and limits approved by the Asset and Liability Committee (“ALCO”). These policies, controls and limits enable UOB to monitor and manage liquidity risk to ensure that sufficient sources of funds are available over a range of market conditions. These include minimizing excessive funding concentrations by diversifying the sources and terms of funding as well as maintaining a portfolio of high quality and marketable debt securities.
UOB takes a conservative stance in its liquidity management by continuing to gather core deposits, ensuring that liquidity limits are strictly adhered to and that there are adequate liquid assets to meet cash shortfall. The distribution of deposits is managed actively to ensure a balance between cost effectiveness, continued accessibility to funds and diversification of funding sources. Important factors in ensuring liquidity are competitive pricing, proactive management of UOB’s core deposits and the maintenance of customer confidence.
Liquidity risk is aligned with the regulatory liquidity risk management framework and is measured and managed on a projected cash flow basis. UOB is monitored under business as usual and stress scenarios. Cash flow mismatch limits are established to limit UOB’s liquidity exposure. UOB also employs liquidity early warning indicators and trigger points to signal possible contingency situations. Contingency funding plans are in place to identify potential liquidity crises using a series of warning indicators. Crisis escalation processes and various strategies including funding and communication have been developed to minimize the impact of any liquidity crunch.
UOB’s overseas banking branches and subsidiaries are required to comply with their local regulatory requirements. In the event that they are unable to source sufficient funds to meet the financial obligation of their operations, UOB’s Head Office in Singapore would meet such requirements.
UOB is required by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (“MAS”) to maintain Tier 1 and total capital adequacy ratios of 6% and 10%, respectively. Banking operations outside of Singapore are required to comply with the regulatory requirements in their country of operations.
As a group, UOB is well-capitalized, with Core Tier 1, Tier 1 and Total Capital Adequacy Ratios of 13.2%, 13.2% and 16.6% respectively as of December 31, 2013.
V. Derivative and Hedging Activities
In the normal course of business, UOB transacts in customized derivatives to meet specific needs of its customers. UOB also transacts in these derivatives for proprietary trading purposes, as well as to manage its assets, liabilities and structural positions. The table below
shows UOB’s financial derivatives and their fair values as of December 31, 2013:
UOB engages in very limited derivatives activity in the U.S., generally confined to interest rate and currency swaps in connection with its commercial lending operations in its two agency offices.
VI. Memberships in Material Payment, Clearing, and Settlement Systems UOB maintains the following memberships in material payment, clearing and settlement systems: (i) SWIFT for international payment, (ii) Federal Reserve for banknotes (ECI – Extended Custodial Inventory) VII. Foreign Operations The vast portion of UOB’s operations are in Asia, where it operates through its branches and representative offices as well as through banking subsidiaries in Singapore (Far Eastern Bank Limited), Malaysia (United Overseas (Malaysia) Bhd), Thailand (United Overseas Bank (Thai) Public Company Limited), Indonesia (PT Bank UOB Indonesia), China (United Overseas Bank (China) Limited), and Philippines (United Overseas Bank Philippines). UOB provides a wide range of financial services including personal financial services, private banking, commercial and corporate banking, transaction banking, investment banking, corporate finance, capital market activities, treasury services, futures broking, asset management, venture capital management and insurance. In Singapore, UOB is a leader in the credit and debit cards business and the private home loans business. UOB is also a key player in loans to small and medium enterprises.
UOB’s global network consists of over 500 offices spread across 19 countries and territories in the Asia Pacific, Western Europe and North America. The following list provides a
breakdown of the number of offices UOB maintains in each country and territory:
Asia Pacific Australia
North America Canada
Western Europe France
The following table provides an overview of UOB’s performance by geographical
VIII. Material Supervisory Authorities UOB is regulated in Singapore by the MAS. As a foreign banking organization in the United States, UOB is regulated by the FRB pursuant to the International Banking Act of 1978.
The following table identifies the other primary regulatory agencies, where applicable, for UOB’s major U.S. Entities.
X. Resolution Planning Corporate Governance Structure Ultimate responsibility for governance of UOB and its operations lies with the UOB Board of Directors. To enable the Board to carry out its responsibilities, authority is delegated to committees of the Board. The Chief Executive Officer, in turn, is assisted by senior management committees.
The UOB U.S. resolution plans are reviewed by the senior management committee, the Risk and Capital Committee (RCC), and approved by the Board Risk Management Committee (BRMC).
XI. Material management information systems UOB New York and UOB Los Angeles agencies use the Head Office hubbed system applications to support their business activities. The application systems supporting the business operations are credit lending, treasury, retail/deposit, trade, and financial accounting systems.
XII. High-level Resolution Strategy Summary
Consistent with the requirements in the Regulation, UOB has prepared a strategic analysis consisting of a resolution strategy for its U.S. Entities that would allow such entities to be resolved in a rapid and orderly manner that would not create serious adverse effects on U.S.
financial stability. In the event that a U.S. Entity experiences material financial distress or
failure, UOB would engage in the following steps: