«2013 Train the Trainer Curriculum The Intersection of Domestic Violence and HIV/AIDS Curriculum is a training tool designed to increase knowledge, ...»
TARGET AUDIENCEThe primary audience is domestic/sexual violence advocates and HIV/AIDS service providers together; however, any provider of human services that works with clients that are survivors of domestic violence and/or persons living with a HIV/AIDS would benefit from an understanding of the intersection. This curriculum could also be utilized by a domestic violence program to provide training to an audience of only HIV/AIDS service providers or by an HIV/AIDS program for domestic violence or sexual violence advocates. Audience members can and should include victims and survivors of domestic violence and persons living with HIV/AIDS or at risk for HIV infection.
The audience should expect this training to be a basic or introductory training to domestic violence, HIV/AIDS and the intersection of the two issues. For more advanced topics on either issue or the intersection, the audience can contact the trainers in their state and/or the National Network to End Domestic Violence (NNEDV) (the technical assistance provider who developed this curriculum) to make their interests known. If there is enough interest, the trainers and/or NNEDV can coordinate a future training to address advance topical training and technical assistance needs.
The Intersection of Domestic Violence and HIV/AIDS curriculum is divided into 7 sections:
1. Introduction - participants will understand the purpose, learning objectives and expectations of the training
2. Beliefs and Attitudes –participants will understand how beliefs and attitudes influence service provision and participants will examine their personal comfort levels when providing services to survivors of domestic violence or persons living with HIV/AIDS
3. Understanding Domestic Violence – participants will gain knowledge of domestic violence and build an understanding of the life generated risks that impact the decision making of survivors of domestic violence
4. Understanding HIV/AIDS – participants will increase knowledge of HIV/AIDS and begin to build an understanding of the intersection with domestic violence
5. The Intersection of DV & HIV/AIDS – participants will build an understanding of the intersection between domestic violence and HIV/AIDS
6. Promising Practices – participants will develop increased skill and competency to better serve survivors of domestic violence living with HIV or at risk for HIV infection and participants will initiate promising practices for service provision
7. Collaboration – participants will identify and understand the benefits of collaboration as well as the best methods for developing partnerships Each section of the curriculum contains a trainer notes and a training section. The trainer notes section includes useful information for the trainers including: length of time, methods of presentation, materials needed, learning objectives and outline of presentation. The training section includes steps for presenting as well as the PowerPoint and exercises referenced during the section. There will be training notes incorporated throughout the curriculum to guide trainers through the curriculum or refer trainers to available resources.
TRAINER EXPECTATIONSThe curriculum is detailed, thorough and user friendly. Trainers in both fields will be more than able to utilize the curriculum to conduct the training by becoming familiar with the content and then preparing, practicing and personalizing the curriculum. This is an introductory workshop. It is expected that the participants, representing community programs, will see the need to provide and participate in further more intensive cross training opportunities.
This training would be most effective if a domestic violence advocate and HIV/AIDS service provider co-train. The workshop demands that the trainers have a good working relationship before the training and allow adequate planning time together to be a smooth functioning training team. The co-trainers will need to collaborate on who will be the lead trainer for various sections. Each trainer brings a wealth of knowledge, expertise and experiences to the presentation and trainers should, as appropriate, make this training “their own,” while following the curriculum content, activities and time frames.
This curriculum was developed to be used by domestic violence advocates and HIV/AIDS counselors in all parts of the country; however state laws in both these fields vary widely. The trainers must be knowledgeable about their state confidentiality laws regarding domestic violence and HIV/AIDS, including address confidentiality; anonymity and other requirements or regulations for HIV antibody testing, including partner notification of test results; and child abuse laws or practices in families in which there is domestic violence. An understanding of state laws greatly impacts safety planning and risk reduction as well as documentation in client files. Trainers should share their respective information and understanding of their state’s legal mandates. It may also be helpful to have copies of relevant laws at the training and any web sites participants could access for state laws. The American Bar Association website has a compendium of all state confidentiality laws for domestic violence and sexual assault.
To make the training more engaging and demonstrative of the ways domestic violence and HIV/AIDS affects lives, trainers must be able to weave in their own experiences as trainers or service providers and survivor stories. It is imperative to have written permission to share a particular individual’s “story”; otherwise, trainers should use anonymous stories. The trainers can and should incorporate videos or other media presentations as applicable in any step of the curriculum, being mindful to accomplish the purpose and time frame of that step.
This curriculum is written so that the participants are divided into 2 groups for a portion of the training. The purpose of the separate groups is to educate the HIV/AIDS service providers on domestic violence and domestic violence advocates on HIV/AIDS without the respective groups having to sit through training on an issue they already understand. The trainer most knowledgeable in domestic violence will conduct that portion of the training (Section 3) for those in the HIV/AIDS field. The HIV/AIDS trainer will conduct that portion of the training (Section 4) for domestic violence advocates. Each trainer should make their specific section of the training “real” by incorporating personal stories, while maintaining confidentiality, and professional experiences that will enrich the information. Short videos can be utilized as well.
It is recommended that advance registration be done rather than have the training just be open. As part of the registration ask for an e-mail address and ask if the participant agrees that their name, program, and e-mail address can be shared with the other workshop participants. Give an opt-out option. As part of the registration, ask for information about the participant’s program services. Compile the contact and services information as a handout to be distributed at the conclusion of the training. This will enhance continued collaboration between participants after they leave the training. The registration form should also include a question about the participants’ current knowledge of domestic violence and/or HIV/AIDS. If the majority of the participants already have a basic understanding of the issues, trainers will know ahead of time that they can spend more time discussing the issues in greater detail rather than just covering the basic information. When making arrangements for the site of the training, it is important to have a room large enough for participants to move freely and work in groups without distracting other groups and sufficient wall space to hang poster paper. Additionally, there needs to be a separate smaller breakout room so participants can be separated into 2 groups.
It is recommended that participants sit at tables with 5-6 participants at each table. Be creative in ensuring that both domestic violence advocates and HIV/AIDS providers are sharing a table together. One way to do this is to review the registration list which would show the program affiliation. Go through the list and pick 5-6 people who do not work together. Place the same color dot on their name tags and upon arrival at the training, ask them to sit at a table with that color dot on a card at a table. Select another group and place a different color dot on their name tags and tables. Repeat this for the entire list of participants.
If tables are not available, move chairs into small circles. Moving into small circles for discussion also helps to facilitate group work. For small group work, if the total number of participants is too few, ask participants to move temporarily so there are 3-4 in a group. If you have a larger group, more than one small group could be doing the same tasks as another group.
If possible, the trainers should have someone who can handle the registration the day of the training, so trainers can focus on being ready for the training. This also allows trainers to walk around, greet participants as they get settled and generally begin to create a welcoming safe training environment.
As with any curriculum, each trainer is encouraged to make this training their own and adapt it to suit their audiences’ needs.
Here is the key for different text styles and colors used throughout the training:
TEXT in BOLD and ITALICS = suggested language for the trainers to use during the presentation PURPLE AND BOLD TEXT = steps and breaks in the training Text in Grey = Trainer Tips to assist with presenting and keeping your