WWW.THESIS.DISLIB.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Online materials, documents
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 2 | 3 ||

«Submission to European Transport Conference 2013 Title: Personal air vehicles as a new option for commuting in Europe: vision or illusion? Authors: ...»

-- [ Page 4 ] --

In summary it can be said that a broad range of uncertainty remains. To a certain extent this is surely a somewhat superficial statement, since is actually accounts for all future developments. However, in the case of PAVs it is particularly difficult to assess whether experiences from other transport modes can be transferred to PAVs or if such a new form of mobility will co-evolve with new patterns of demand and usage. If we take nowadays experiences and settings as a basis, it appears to be hard for PAVs to compete with the well-established transport infrastructure in terms of economy, comfort and speed. For example, it seems as if nowadays ground-based transport systems are much more independent from extreme weather conditions as PAVs are. Because of dense urban structures it seems unlikely (but not impossible) that PAVs will deliver real door-to-door services for a high number of users.

These examples illustrates well, that the barrier will probably not be the PAV technology itself.

Prototypes exist and even if it is still a long way to go, it seems rather likely that in the next decades a highly autonomous or even a full autonomous PAV will be available. The crucial point is the embedment of the new transport mode in the existing transport system and to make it compatible with the habits and preferences of the users. It is important to acknowledge that the transport system is not static but is changing under several aspects. Also the other transport modes experience a modernization. It might be even harder for MyCopter to compete with autonomously driven cars in the future, since these have the potential to offer a high degree of comforts (office on four wheels) and real door-to-door service (the car find a parking facility by itself). Nevertheless, there are also some reasons why MyCopters can make their way. Establishing PAVs in the transport sector would mean a significant change to the established technology-infrastructure system - as it was illustrated in this paper. However, significant changes are rather the rule than an exemption in the transport system. New transport modes such as railways or cars were always confronted with highly skeptical attitudes towards the new technologies (see Meyer et al. 2011 chap. 5.2). It took less than half a century to make the regime of automobility a dominating element of the transport sector. This included a reconstruction of urban areas to enable automobility. The pace of change is generally much higher nowadays than it was about hundred years ago. PAVs definitely come along with benefits. The analysis conducted so far in the MyCopter project revealed that, amongst others, the issue of automatisation is a highly crucial enabler for a broader market penetration of PAVs. From that perspective, it is imaginable that the ongoing automatisation of other transport modes (including the upcoming automatisation of private cars) will pave the way for PAVs. Here, one can assume that full autonomous driving might even be easier to reach in the air since the overall number of unexpected participants in the systems (such as bicycle riders and pedestrians, playing children, dogs,etc.) is much lower. The questions regarding the mode of automatisation as well as the questions referring to the user acceptability will be answered in the final report presented in 2014.

Literature

American Historical Association, 1945: Will there be a plane in every garage, United States Army, http://avialogs.com/index.php/BookLibrary/Flying/Will-there-be-a-plane-in-every-garage, last viewed: Dec.

2011.

Banister, D., 2008: The sustainable mobility paradigm, In: New Developments in Urban Transportation Planning, vol.15, no.2, pp.73-80, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0967070X07000820.

Commission of the European Communities, 1996: Future Noise Policy, Brussels.

Commission of the European Communities, 2006: Keep Europe moving – Sustainable mobility for our continent. Mid-term review of the European Commission`s 2001 Transport White Paper, Brussels, http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2006:0314:FIN:EN:PDF.

Commission of the European Communities, 2011: Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area — Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system.

De Borger, B., 2009: Commuting, congestion tolls and the structure of the labour market: Optimal congestion pricing in a wage bargaining model. Regional Science and Urban Economics, vol. 39, no.4, pp. 434-448, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166046209000180.

Deutscher Wetterdienst – Abteilung Flutmeteorologie, 2008: Regionale Flugklimatologie (RFK) für die Allgemeine Luftfahrt in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. In: Deutscher Wetterdienst, A. F. (ed.) Regionale Flugklimatologie November 2008.

Dimitrakopoulos, G., Demestichas, P. & Koutra, V., 2012: Intelligent Management Functionality for Improving Transportation Efficiency by Means of the Car Pooling Concept, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, vol. 13, no.2, pp. 424-436.

Eran, B.-E. & Dick, E., 2011: Rewarding rush-hour avoidance: A study of commuter`s travel behavior.

Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, vol. 45, no.7, pp.567-582, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0965856411000498.

European Commission, 2007: Out of the box – Ideas about the future of air transport (Part 2) Luxembourg:

Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

FAA Aviation Safety, 2010: Special Airworthiness Information Bulletin - SUBJ: Recommendations for Rotorcraft During Icing Conditions.

Federal Aviation Administration, 2008: SAFO 08006 14 CFR Parts 91 and 135, Flight Into Known or Forecast Severe Icing Conditions. In: Transportation, U. S. D. O. (ed.). Washington D.C.

Fleischer, T., Decker, M., Meyer-Soylu, S. & Schippl, J., 2013: Deliverable 7.2. Design Criteria Report, project report myCopter, http://mycopter.eu/home/downloads.html.

Gursky, B.I., 2011: Power Requirement for a Reference PAV Flight, myCopter internal Project Report, DLR Braunschweig.

Hall, D., W., 2001: Personal Air Vehicle & Flying Jeep Concepts - A Commentary on Promising Approaches or What Goes Around Comes Around (about every twenty years).

Hurst, D., 2013: Are E-Bicycle Sales Reducing Car Sales In Europe?

http://www.forbes.com/sites/pikeresearch/2013/05/08/are-e-bicycle-sales-reducing-car-sales-in-europe/, last viewed: 02.09.2013.

Jump, M., Padfield, G.D., White, M.D., Floreano, D., Fua, P., Zufferey, J.-C., Schill, F., Siegwart, R., Bouabdalla, S., Decker, M., Schippl, J., Höfinger, M., Nieuwenhuizen, F.M. & Bülthoff, H.H., 2011, myCopter: Enabling Technologies for Personal Air Transport Systems, The Future Rotorcraft: Enabling capability through the application of technology, Royal Aeronautical Society, London, UK, pp. 1-15.

London.gov.uk, 2006: Helicopter Noise in London – Written Evidence,

http://legacy.london.gov.uk/assembly/reports/environment/helicopter_noise_evidence.pdf, last viewed:

04.09.2013.

Markides, C., 2006: Disruptive Innovation: In Need of Better Theory. Journal of Product Innovation Management, vol.23, pp. 19–25, doi:10.1111/j.1540-5885.2005.00177.x.

Meyer, S., Decker, M., Fleischer, T. & Schippl, J., 2011: Deliverable 7.1 Screening Report of Socio-technological Environment, project report myCopter, http://mycopter.eu/home/downloads.html.

Muller, R., Pelfrene, P., De Graaff, A., Schmitt, D., Stenz, G., Lebbink, G. K., Gadiot, G., Burton, C., Kooner, S., Kimber, J., Truman, T. & Phelps, P., 2010: Create -Creating innovative air transport technologies for Europe Final Report.

N.N., 2005:. An Airplane in Every Garage? Abc News.

http://abcnews.go.com/Business/FlyingHigh/story?id=949148&page=1, last viewed: 04.09.2013.

Patrascu, D., 2010: How Automated Parking Systems Work, Autoevolution, 21.04.2010,

http://www.autoevolution.com/news/how-automated-parking-systems-work-19523.html, last viewed:

04.09.2013.

QBE Aviation, 2011: General Aviation Guide, http://www.qbeeurope.com/documents/aviation/QBE%20Aviation%20General%20aviation%20guide.pdf, last viewed: 01.08.2011.

Rodrigue, J. P., 2009: Urban Transport Problems. In: Rodrigue, J.-P. (ed) The geography of transport systems.

London, Routledge.

Schomer, P., 2001: A White Paper: Assessment of Noise Annoyance.

Skinner I, van Essen H, Smokers R & Hill, N., 2010: Towards the decarbonisation of EU’s transport sector by 2050 Final report produced under the contract ENV.C.3/SER/2008/0053 between European Commission Directorate-General Environment and AEA Technology plc; www.eutransportghg2050.eu.

TomTom, 2013: TomTom European Congestion Index Annual report 2012, http://www.tomtom.com/lib/doc/congestionindex/2013-0322-TomTom-CongestionIndex-2012-Annual-EURmi.pdf, last viewed: 03.09.2013.

Wiesenthal. T., Leduc, G., Cazzola, P., Schade, W., & Köhler, J., 2011: Mapping innovation in the European transport sector. An assessment of R&D efforts and priorities, institutional capacities, drivers and barriers to innovation. JRC Scientific and Technical Reports. ISBN 978-92-79-19793-2.

Woodyard, C., 2013: Terrafugia`s next flying car envisioned as tilt-rotor, USA Today, May 7 2013, http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/cars/2013/05/06/flying-car-terrafugia/2139381/, last viewed 04.09.2013.

Zhao, Y. Wang, L. & Byon, H. R., 2013: “High-performance rechargeable lithium-iodine batteries using triiodide/iodide redox couples in an aqueous cathode, Nature Communications, vol. 4, no.1896,

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 2 | 3 ||


Similar works:

«Case 1:09-cv-01989-PAC Document 53 Filed 01/05/11 Page 1 of 20 USDC SDNY DOCUMENT ELECTRONICALLY FILED UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DOC #: _ SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK DATE FILED: January 5, 2011 x In re BARCLAYS BANK PLC : SECURITIES LITIGATION : 09 Civ. 1989 (PAC) : : ORDER x HONORABLE PAUL A. CROTTY, United States District Judge: The early 2000s experienced a sharp rise in real estate prices, which then went upside down starting in 2006-7. The sudden collapse cascaded through the...»

«                  Lincoln University Digital Thesis      Copyright Statement  The digital copy of this thesis is protected by the Copyright Act 1994 (New Zealand).  This thesis may be consulted by you, provided you comply with the provisions of the Act  and the following conditions of use:  you will use the copy only for the purposes of research or private study   ...»

«Math 304 Spring 2007 Symbolic Logic II: The Predicate Calculus† Contents 1. Introduction 1 2. Some examples 2 3. General elements of sets. 3 4. Variables and constants 4 5. Expressions 4 6. Predicates 6 7. Logical operations and predicates 7 8. Specialization 7 9. Logical equivalence of predicates 9 10. Quantification 10 10.1. Universal quantification 11 10.2. Existential quantification 12 11. Changing the order of quantification 13 12. The interaction between quantification and negation...»

«ORDINARY MINUTES JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY COUNCIL MEETING (7/16) 1 SEPTEMBER 2016, TOWNSVILLE PRESENT: Chancellor (Mr Tweddell) (Chair), Deputy Chancellor (Hon. P Lindsay), Vice Chancellor and President (Professor Harding), Chairperson of the Academic Board (Professor Naylor), Ms Cannon, Miss Casey, Ms Caswell, Mr Charlton, Mr Derlagen, Mr Gilliver, Mr Haddrick, Mr Harridge, Mr Kirkwood, Mr Landy, Professor Leggat, Associate Professor Leicht, Ms McLaughlin, Mr Phillips, Mr Twomey and Dr Tyrell....»

«1 Report to/Rapport au : Joint Transportation Committee and Transit Commission October 9, 2013 9 octobre 2013 Submitted by/Soumis par : Nancy Schepers, Deputy City Manager/Directrice municipale adjointe, Planning and Infrastructure/Urbanisme et Infrastructure Contact Person / Personne ressource: Vivi Chi, Manager/Gestionnaire, Transportation Planning/Planification des transports, Planning and Growth Management/Urbanisme et Gestion de la croissance (613) 580-2424 x 21877, Vivi.Chi@ottawa.ca CITY...»

«DRAFT MINUTES DASB SENATE MEETING Wednesday, November 23rd, 2011 3:30 PM Conference Room B Call to Order Arvind Ravichandran called the meeting to order at 3:34pm Roll Call Excused Present Absent Late Left Early Cristian Omar Aguilar X Mustafa Arshad X X3:47 Adrian Asbun X Monica Carrillo X3:35 Carolyn Chen X Victor Chien X X Nelson Chuang X Susan Chuang X Amira Farah X Anastasia Inez X Madina Jahed X Sana Kathuria X Nicholas Lacroix X X3:35 Ernest L.W. Linous X Shahar Marom X Orit Mohamed X...»

«United States Court of Appeals For the Eighth Circuit _ No. 13-3368 _ Traditionalist American Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, an unincorporated association; Frank Ancona lllllllllllllllllllll Plaintiffs Appellees v. City of Desloge, Missouri lllllllllllllllllllll Defendant Appellant Appeal from United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri St. Louis Submitted: September 8, 2014 Filed: December 24, 2014 Before WOLLMAN, LOKEN, and MURPHY, Circuit Judges. MURPHY, Circuit...»

«OCTOBER TERM, 2009 1 (Slip Opinion) Syllabus NOTE: Where it is feasible, a syllabus (headnote) will be released, as is being done in connection with this case, at the time the opinion is issued. The syllabus constitutes no part of the opinion of the Court but has been prepared by the Reporter of Decisions for the convenience of the reader. See United States v. Detroit Timber & Lumber Co., 200 U. S. 321, 337.SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES Syllabus MARYLAND v. SHATZER CERTIORARI TO THE COURT...»

«#350-13 (OAL Decision: Not yet available online) IN THE MATTER OF THE TENURE HEARING : OF BRIGITTE GEIGER, SCHOOL DISTRICT : OF THE TOWNSHIP OF MOUNT OLIVE, : MORRIS COUNTY. : COMMISSIONER OF EDUCATION AND : DECISION IN THE MATTER OF THE TENURE HEARING : OF SHARON JONES, SCHOOL DISTRICT : OF THE TOWNSHIP OF MOUNT OLIVE, : MORRIS COUNTY. : SYNOPSIS The Board certified tenure charges of unbecoming conduct against Brigitte Geiger and Sharon Jones – tenured physical education teachers employed at...»

«ISSUE 18. MARCH 2011 Welcome to our new President, Bob Welham ! We were all very sad to see the retiring President, David, leave the stage at the AGM. David has done so much for our U3A that we shall always be grateful. But taking his place in the Hot Seat, we are very fortunate to welcome Bob. But WHO is he? When asked this very question, this is the answer he gave us. I was born Essex 1949, which I know is difficult to believe. I am 61 years old and have to carry my passport to confirm...»

«DRAFT LETTER OF OFFER THIS DOCUMENT IS IMPORTANT AND REQUIRES YOUR IMMEDIATE ATTENTION The Letter of Offer will be sent to you, the registered Eligible Shareholders of Just Dial Limited (the “Company”) as on the Record Date in accordance with the SEBI Regulations. If the Eligible Shareholders require any clarifications regarding the action to be taken, Eligible Shareholders may, consult their stock brokers or investment consultants or the Manager or the Registrar. JUST DIAL LIMITED...»

«CHAIRPERSON HUMAN SERVICES COMMITTEE MARC THOMAS CURTIS HERTEL, JR., CHAIR MARK GREBNER VICE-CHAIRPERSON REBECCA BAHAR-COOK DIANNE HOLMAN ANDY SCHOR TODD TENNIS VICE-CHAIRPERSON PRO-TEM MIKE SEVERINO MIKE SEVERINO INGHAM COUNTY BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS P.O. Box 319. Mason, Michigan 48854 Telephone (517) 676-7200 Fax (517) 676-7264 THE HUMAN SERVICES COMMITTEE WILL MEET ON MONDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2007 AT 7:00 P.M., IN THE PERSONNEL CONFERENCE ROOM (D & E) OF THE HUMAN SERVICES BUILDING, 5303 S....»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2017 www.thesis.dislib.info - Online materials, documents

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.