WWW.THESIS.DISLIB.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Online materials, documents
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 4 | 5 || 7 |

«AASB Standard AASB 10 August 2011 Consolidated Financial Statements Obtaining a Copy of this Accounting Standard This Standard is available on the ...»

-- [ Page 6 ] --

Although the fund manager is paid fixed and performance-related fees that are commensurate with the services provided, the combination of the fund manager’s 20 per cent investment together with its remuneration creates exposure to variability of returns from the activities of the fund that is of such significance that it indicates that the fund manager is a principal. However, the investors have substantive rights to remove the fund manager—the board of directors provides a mechanism to ensure that the investors can remove the fund manager if they decide to do so.

In this example, the fund manager places greater emphasis on the substantive removal rights in the analysis. Thus, although the fund manager has extensive decision-making authority and is exposed to variability of returns of the fund from its remuneration and

–  –  –

Example 15 An investee is created to purchase a portfolio of fixed rate assetbacked securities, funded by fixed rate debt instruments and equity instruments. The equity instruments are designed to provide first loss protection to the debt investors and receive any residual returns of the investee. The transaction was marketed to potential debt investors as an investment in a portfolio of asset-backed securities with exposure to the credit risk associated with the possible default of the issuers of the asset-backed securities in the portfolio and to the interest rate risk associated with the management of the portfolio. On formation, the equity instruments represent 10 per cent of the value of the assets purchased. A decision maker (the asset manager) manages the active asset portfolio by making investment decisions within the parameters set out in the investee’s prospectus. For those services, the asset manager receives a marketbased fixed fee (ie 1 per cent of assets under management) and performance-related fees (ie 10 per cent of profits) if the investee’s profits exceed a specified level. The fees are commensurate with the services provided. The asset manager holds 35 per cent of the equity in the investee.

The remaining 65 per cent of the equity, and all the debt instruments, are held by a large number of widely dispersed unrelated third party investors. The asset manager can be removed, without cause, by a simple majority decision of the other investors.

The asset manager is paid fixed and performance-related fees that are commensurate with the services provided. The remuneration aligns the interests of the fund manager with those of the other investors to increase the value of the fund. The asset manager has exposure to variability of returns from the activities of the fund because it holds 35 per cent of the equity and from its remuneration.

Although operating within the parameters set out in the investee’s prospectus, the asset manager has the current ability to make investment decisions that significantly affect the investee’s returns—the removal rights held by the other investors receive little weighting in the analysis because those rights are held by a large number of widely dispersed investors. In this example, the asset manager places greater emphasis on its exposure to variability of returns of the fund from its equity interest, which is subordinate to the debt instruments. Holding 35 per cent of the equity creates subordinated exposure to losses and rights to returns of the investee,

–  –  –

Example 16 A decision maker (the sponsor) sponsors a multi-seller conduit, which issues short-term debt instruments to unrelated third party investors. The transaction was marketed to potential investors as an investment in a portfolio of highly rated medium-term assets with minimal exposure to the credit risk associated with the possible default by the issuers of the assets in the portfolio. Various transferors sell high quality medium-term asset portfolios to the conduit. Each transferor services the portfolio of assets that it sells to the conduit and manages receivables on default for a marketbased servicing fee. Each transferor also provides first loss protection against credit losses from its asset portfolio through overcollateralisation of the assets transferred to the conduit. The sponsor establishes the terms of the conduit and manages the operations of the conduit for a market-based fee. The fee is commensurate with the services provided. The sponsor approves the sellers permitted to sell to the conduit, approves the assets to be purchased by the conduit and makes decisions about the funding of the conduit. The sponsor must act in the best interests of all investors.

The sponsor is entitled to any residual return of the conduit and also provides credit enhancement and liquidity facilities to the conduit.

The credit enhancement provided by the sponsor absorbs losses of up to 5 per cent of all of the conduit’s assets, after losses are absorbed by the transferors. The liquidity facilities are not advanced against defaulted assets. The investors do not hold substantive rights that could affect the decision-making authority of the sponsor.

Even though the sponsor is paid a market-based fee for its services that is commensurate with the services provided, the sponsor has exposure to variability of returns from the activities of the conduit because of its rights to any residual returns of the conduit and the provision of credit enhancement and liquidity facilities (ie the conduit is exposed to liquidity risk by using short-term debt instruments to fund medium-term assets).





AASB 10 APPENDIX B Even though each of the transferors has decision-making rights that affect the value of the assets of the conduit, the sponsor has extensive decision-making authority that gives it the current ability to direct the activities that most significantly affect the conduit’s returns (ie the sponsor established the terms of the conduit, has the right to make decisions about the assets (approving the assets purchased and the transferors of those assets) and the funding of the conduit (for which new investment must be found on a regular basis)). The right to residual returns of the conduit and the provision of credit enhancement and liquidity facilities expose the sponsor to variability of returns from the activities of the conduit that is different from that of the other investors. Accordingly, that exposure indicates that the sponsor is a principal and thus the sponsor concludes that it controls the conduit. The sponsor’s obligation to act in the best interest of all investors does not prevent the sponsor from being a principal.

Relationship with other parties B73 When assessing control, an investor shall consider the nature of its relationship with other parties and whether those other parties are acting on the investor’s behalf (ie they are ‘de facto agents’). The determination of whether other parties are acting as de facto agents requires judgement, considering not only the nature of the relationship but also how those parties interact with each other and the investor.

B74 Such a relationship need not involve a contractual arrangement. A party is a de facto agent when the investor has, or those that direct the activities of the investor have, the ability to direct that party to act on the investor’s behalf. In these circumstances, the investor shall consider its de facto agent’s decision-making rights and its indirect exposure, or rights, to variable returns through the de facto agent together with its own when assessing control of an investee.

B75 The following are examples of such other parties that, by the nature of

their relationship, might act as de facto agents for the investor:

–  –  –

(c) a party that has agreed not to sell, transfer or encumber its interests in the investee without the investor’s prior approval (except for situations in which the investor and the other party

–  –  –

(f) a party that has a close business relationship with the investor, such as the relationship between a professional service provider and one of its significant clients.

Control of specified assets B76 An investor shall consider whether it treats a portion of an investee as a deemed separate entity and, if so, whether it controls the deemed separate entity.

B77 An investor shall treat a portion of an investee as a deemed separate

entity if and only if the following condition is satisfied:

Specified assets of the investee (and related credit enhancements, if any) are the only source of payment for specified liabilities of, or specified other interests in, the investee. Parties other than those with the specified liability do not have rights or obligations related to the specified assets or to residual cash flows from those assets. In substance, none of the returns from the specified assets can be used by the remaining investee and none of the liabilities of the deemed separate entity are payable from the assets of the remaining investee. Thus, in substance, all the assets, liabilities and equity of that deemed separate entity are ring-fenced from the overall investee. Such a deemed separate entity is often called a ‘silo’.

B78 When the condition in paragraph B77 is satisfied, an investor shall identify the activities that significantly affect the returns of the deemed separate entity and how those activities are directed in order to assess whether it has power over that portion of the investee. When assessing control of the deemed separate entity, the investor shall also consider whether it has exposure or rights to variable returns from its involvement with that deemed separate entity and the ability to use its power over that portion of the investee to affect the amount of the investor’s returns.

–  –  –

Continuous assessment B80 An investor shall reassess whether it controls an investee if facts and circumstances indicate that there are changes to one or more of the three elements of control listed in paragraph 7.

B81 If there is a change in how power over an investee can be exercised, that change must be reflected in how an investor assesses its power over an investee. For example, changes to decision-making rights can mean that the relevant activities are no longer directed through voting rights, but instead other agreements, such as contracts, give another party or parties the current ability to direct the relevant activities.

B82 An event can cause an investor to gain or lose power over an investee without the investor being involved in that event. For example, an investor can gain power over an investee because decision-making rights held by another party or parties that previously prevented the investor from controlling an investee have elapsed.

B83 An investor also considers changes affecting its exposure, or rights, to variable returns from its involvement with an investee. For example, an investor that has power over an investee can lose control of an investee if the investor ceases to be entitled to receive returns or to be exposed to obligations, because the investor would fail to satisfy paragraph 7(b) (eg if a contract to receive performance-related fees is terminated).

B84 An investor shall consider whether its assessment that it acts as an agent or a principal has changed. Changes in the overall relationship between the investor and other parties can mean that an investor no longer acts as an agent, even though it has previously acted as an agent, and vice versa. For example, if changes to the rights of the investor, or of other parties, occur, the investor shall reconsider its status as a principal or an agent.

B85 An investor’s initial assessment of control or its status as a principal or an agent would not change simply because of a change in market conditions (eg a change in the investee’s returns driven by market conditions), unless the change in market conditions changes one or more of the three elements of control listed in paragraph 7 or changes the overall relationship between a principal and an agent.

–  –  –

(a) combine like items of assets, liabilities, equity, income, expenses and cash flows of the parent with those of its subsidiaries.

(b) offset (eliminate) the carrying amount of the parent’s investment in each subsidiary and the parent’s portion of equity of each subsidiary (AASB 3 explains how to account for any related goodwill).

(c) eliminate in full intragroup assets and liabilities, equity, income, expenses and cash flows relating to transactions between entities of the group (profits or losses resulting from intragroup transactions that are recognised in assets, such as inventory and fixed assets, are eliminated in full). Intragroup losses may indicate an impairment that requires recognition in the consolidated financial statements. AASB 112 Income Taxes applies to temporary differences that arise from the elimination of profits and losses resulting from intragroup transactions.

Uniform accounting policies B87 If a member of the group uses accounting policies other than those adopted in the consolidated financial statements for like transactions and events in similar circumstances, appropriate adjustments are made to that group member’s financial statements in preparing the consolidated financial statements to ensure conformity with the group’s accounting policies.

Measurement B88 An entity includes the income and expenses of a subsidiary in the consolidated financial statements from the date it gains control until the date when the entity ceases to control the subsidiary. Income and expenses of the subsidiary are based on the amounts of the assets and liabilities recognised in the consolidated financial statements at the acquisition date. For example, depreciation expense recognised in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income after the acquisition date is based on the fair values of the related depreciable assets recognised in the consolidated financial statements at the acquisition date.

AASB 10 APPENDIX B Potential voting rights B89 When potential voting rights, or other derivatives containing potential voting rights, exist, the proportion of profit or loss and changes in equity allocated to the parent and non-controlling interests in preparing consolidated financial statements is determined solely on the basis of existing ownership interests and does not reflect the possible exercise or conversion of potential voting rights and other derivatives, unless paragraph B90 applies.



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 4 | 5 || 7 |


Similar works:

«International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering. ISSN 0974-2190 Volume 2, Number 1 (2010), pp. 4362 © International Research Publication House http://www.irphouse.com Prim’s Algorithm for Loss Minimization and Service Restoration in Distribution Networks T.D. Sudhakar and K.N. Srinivas Asst. Prof, Electrical Engineering Department, St. Joseph’s College of Engineering, Chennai, India. Professor, Electrical Engineering Department, BSA Crescent Engineering College, Chennai,...»

«5762 ROCKY MOUNT TOWN COUNCIL REGULAR MEETING MINUTES APRIL 11, 2016 The April 11, 2016 regular meeting of the Rocky Mount Town Council (hereafter referred to as “Council”) was held in the Council Chambers of the Rocky Mount Municipal Building located at 345 Donald Avenue, Rocky Mount, Virginia, at 7:00 p.m. with Mayor Steven C. Angle presiding. The following members of Council were present: • Mayor Steven C. Angle • Vice Mayor Gregory B. Walker • Bobby M. Cundiff • P. Ann Love •...»

«CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY OF PAKISTAN Tuesday, the 20th September, 1955 The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan met in the Assembly Chamber, Karachi, at Ten of the Clock, in the Morning, Mr. Speaker (The Honourable Mr. Abdul Wahab Khan) in the Chair. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF WEST PAKISTAN BILL-(continued) Mr. Speaker: We now resume consideration clause by clause of, the Establishment of West Pakistan Bill. Mr. Zahiruddin (East Bengal: Muslim) : Amendment No. 16.* Sardar Fazlul Karim (East Bengal: Muslim) :...»

«Fast-Track Costa Rica Conference 2013 San Jose, Costa Rica – August 5-7, 2013 The International Living Networking Hall: An Oasis of Opportunity I guarantee the following scenario will happen to you at least once during the conference: You’ve just left the best session yet, where you’ve learned about an opportunity that meets all your criteria.or you’ve discovered a town where properties cost less than you thought they could.or maybe you’ve just heard about a new off-plan development...»

«AVIATION OCCURRENCE REPORT IN-FLIGHT FIRE PERIMETER AVIATION LTD BEECH AIRCRAFT CORPORATION 95-B55 BARON C-GCIK THUNDER BAY, ONTARIO 28.5 NM W 22 OCTOBER 1996 REPORT NUMBER A96C0223 The Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) investigated this occurrence for the purpose of advancing transportation safety. It is not the function of the Board to assign fault or determine civil or criminal liability. Aviation Occurrence Report In-flight Fire Perimeter Aviation Ltd Beech Aircraft Corporation...»

«Carnegie Mellon University Research Showcase @ CMU Software Engineering Institute March 2003 Enabling Predictable Assembly Scott A. Hissam Software Engineering Institute Gabriel A. Moreno Software Engineering Institute, gmoreno@sei.cmu.edu Judith Stafford Software Engineering Institute Kurt C. Wallnau Software Engineering Institute Follow this and additional works at: http://repository.cmu.edu/sei Part of the Software Engineering Commons Published In Journal of Systems and Software, 185-198....»

«Estado Novo, Ditadura Militar, Corporativismo e Identidade Nacional∗ Francisco Carlos Palomanes Martinho Professor Adjunto da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) – Bolsista de Produtividade do CNPq Introdução No ano de 2002 o mais destacado dirigente sindical da história do Brasil, Luis Inácio Lula da Silva, chegava ao posto máximo da Republica, elegendo-se presidente com cerca de sessenta por cento dos votos válidos no segundo turno. Representante principal do Novo...»

«Dragomir Bajalica Avid and FCP Editor Profile With an infectious personality and friendly demeanour, Dragomir fully submerses himself in the subject matter and always delivers beyond expectation. He has a great eye for story and pacing, along with stories involving humanity, drama, tension and humour. Dragomir has a calm and considered approach with the ability to thrive in stressful situations, and his attention to detail of the characters and aesthetics makes him a fantastic editor who always...»

«CRAFTING THE “SHE-DOCTOR”: HENRY JAMES’ DR. MARY J. PRANCE By Yeo Ju Choi Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Vanderbilt University in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS in English August, 2006 Nashville, Tennessee Approved: Jay Clayton Dana Nelson TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter Page I. INTRODUCTION..1 II. MIDWIFERY AND BEYOND..5 III. NARRATIVIZING THE WOMAN DOCTOR..13 IV. DR. MARY J. PRANCE..16 V. DR. SOPHIA JEX-BLAKE..23 NOTES...25...»

«ICTIR 2015 ACM SIGIR International Conference on the Theory of Information Retrieval PROGRAM Northampton, Massachusetts, U.S.A. September 27 – 30, 2015 ictir2015.org General Chairs’ Welcome Welcome to ICTIR 2015, the 5th International Conference on the Theory of Information Retrieval and the first conference with that name to be fully sponsored by the ACM Special Interest Group on Information Retrieval (SIGIR). Becoming part of the SIGIR family, along with the well-known SIGIR conference...»

«The World Bank and Public Procurement—An Independent Evaluation Volume II: Achieving Development Effectiveness through Procurement in Bank Financial Assistance © 2014 Independent Evaluation Group The World Bank Group 1818 H Street NW, Washington DC 20433 Telephone: 202-458-4497; Internet: www.ieg.worldbankgroup.org E-mail: ieg@worldbank.org Some rights reserved This work is a product of the staff of the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG). Note that IEG and the World Bank does not necessarily...»

«Emissions Associated with Electric Vehicle Charging: Impact of Electricity Generation Mix, Charging Infrastructure Availability, and Vehicle Type Joyce McLaren, John Miller, Eric O’Shaughnessy, Eric Wood, and Evan Shapiro National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2017 www.thesis.dislib.info - Online materials, documents

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.