«TABLE OF CONTENTS DEFINITION, TECHNICAL GLOSSARY AND ABBREVIATIONS FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS RISK FACTORS SUMMARY SUMMARY OPERATING AND FINANCIAL ...»
Quorum to be present when business commenced Article 65, inter alia provides that no business shall be transacted at General Meeting unless quorum is present at the time of the commencement of the business. Save as herein otherwise provided, at least five members present in person shall constitute a quorum. If within half an hour from the time appointed for holding the meeting a quorum shall not be present, the meeting, if convened by or upon the requisition of Members shall stand dissolved, but in any other case, the meeting shall stand adjourned, in accordance with the provisions of sub-sections (3), (4) and (5) of Section 174 of the Act.
Business at adjourned meeting Article 66 inter alia provides that no business shall be transacted at any adjourned meeting other than the business, which might have been transacted at the meeting from which the adjournment took place.
Chairman of the General Meeting Article 68(1), inter alia, provides that the Chairman of the Board shall preside as Chairman at every General meeting of the Company. In the absence of the Chairman of the Board, the Vice-Chairman of the Board shall so preside. If there be no Chairman/Vice-Chairman of the Board or if at a meeting, the Chairman/ Vice-Chairman of the Board is not present within fifteen minutes after the time appointed for holding such meeting or is unwilling to act as Chairman of the meeting, the Directors present shall elect one of their members to be the Chairman of the meeting and if no Director be present, or if all the Directors present decline to take the chair, then the Members present shall elect one of their Members, being a Member entitled to vote, to be the Chairman of such meeting.
Article 68 (2) provides that No business shall be discussed at any General Meeting except the election of the Chairman, whilst the Chair is vacant.
Article 68 (3) provides that if a poll is demanded on the election of the Chairman it shall be taken forthwith in accordance with the provisions of the Act and these Articles and the Chairman so elected on the show of hands will exercise the power of the Chairman under the Act and these Articles.
Article 68 (4) provides that if some other person is elected Chairman as a result of the poll, he shall be Chairman for the rest of meeting.
Chairman with consent may adjourn meeting
Article 69 inter alia provides that the Chairman may, with the consent of the meeting and shall, if so directed by the meeting, adjourn the same from time to time, and from place to place, but no business shall be transacted at any adjourned meeting other than the business left unfinished at the meeting from which the adjournment took place.
Notwithstanding the provisions of this clause, the Chairman of a validly convened general meeting may adjourn the meeting in the event of disorder provided that such an adjournment shall not be for a period longer than the Chairman considers necessary to bring order at the meeting and the Chairman communicates his decision to those present in so far as it is possible.
(2) When meeting is adjourned for thirty days or more, notice of the adjourned meeting shall be given as in the case of an original meeting and save as aforesaid it shall not be necessary to give any notice of an adjournment or of the business to be transacted at an adjourned meeting.
Votes by show of hands
Article 70 inter alia provides for the voting by show of hands:
(1) Every question submitted to a meeting shall be decided, in the first instance unless a poll is demanded, in accordance with Section 179 of the Companies Act, by a show of hands and in the case of an equality of votes, either on a show of hands or on a poll, the Chairman of the meeting shall be entitled to a second or casting vote in addition to the vote to which he may be entitled as a Member.
(2) A declaration by the Chairman that a resolution has, on a show of hands, been carried or carried unanimously or by a particular majority or lost and an entry to that effect in the minutes shall be conclusive evidence of the fact without further proof.
(3) Any business other than that upon which a poll has been demanded may be proceeded with pending the taking of a poll.
Votes of Members
Article 71 inter alia provides that:
(1) On a show of hands, every Member present in person and being a holder of equity shares shall have one vote and every person present as a duly authorised representative of a body corporate being a holder of an equity share shall, if he is not entitled to vote in his own right, have one vote.
(2) On a poll, the voting rights of a holder of an equity share shall be as provided in Section 87 of the Companies Act.
Representation of corporation Article 72, inter alia, provides that any company or a body corporate which is a member of the Company (hereinafter called "Member Company") may vote by proxy or by representative duly appointed in accordance with Section 187 of the Companies Act. A person duly appointed to represent the Member Company at any meeting of the Company or at any meeting of any Class of Members of the Company, shall be entitled to exercise the same rights and powers (including the right to vote by proxy) on behalf of the Member Company which he represents as that Member Company could exercise if it were an individual Member.
Vote in respect of deceased and insolvent Members
Article 73, inter alia, provides that any person entitled under Article 48 of the Articles to transfer any shares may vote at any General meeting in respect thereof in the same manner as if he were the registered holder of such shares, provided that forty eight hours at least before the time of holding the meeting or the adjourned meeting, as the case may be, at which he proposes to vote, he shall satisfy the Board of the right to transfer such shares, or the Board shall have previously admitted his right to vote at such meeting in respect thereof. If any member be a lunatic, idiot or non-composmentis, he may vote whether on a show of hands or at Poll by his committee curator bonis or other legal curator and such last mentioned persons may give their votes in person or by proxy on a poll.
Votes by joint executors etc.
Article 74, inter alia, provides that where there are several executors or administrators of a deceased member in whose sole name any share is registered, any one of such executors or administrators may vote in respect of such share unless any other of such executors or administrators is present at the meeting at which such a vote is tendered and objects to the vote. In such case, the provisions relating to votes of joint-holders contained in Article 58 of these Articles shall apply.
When vote by Proxy valid though authority revoked
Article 75, inter alia, provides that any vote given in accordance with the terms of an instrument appointing a proxy shall be valid notwithstanding the previous death or insanity of the principal or revocation of the instrument, or transfer of the share in respect of which the vote is given, provided no intimation in writing shall have been received by the Company at the Office before the vote is given provided, nevertheless that the Chairman of any meeting shall be entitled to require such evidence as he may in his discretion think fit of the due execution of an instrument of proxy and that the same has not been revoked.
Forms of proxy Article 76, inter alia, provides that every instrument of Proxy whether for a specified meeting or otherwise shall, as nearly as circumstances will admit, be in either of the forms set out in Schedule IX of the Companies Act.
Objections as to qualifications of votes Article 78, inter alia, provides that no objection shall be raised as to the qualification of any voter except at the meeting or adjourned meeting at which the vote objected to is given or tendered, and every vote disallowed at such meeting shall be valid for all purposes. Any such objection or objections as to the admission or rejection of a vote, either on a show of hands, or on a poll made in due time, shall be referred to the Chairman of the meeting who shall forthwith decide the same and such decision shall be final and conclusive.
Directors Number of Directors Article 79(a) provides that the Board of Directors shall consist of not less than three Directors and not more than twenty Directors. Provided that the Company may from time to time increase or reduce within the maximum limit permissible the number of Directors. Provided further that any increase in the number of Directors exceeding the number prescribed under Section 259 of the Act shall not have any effect unless approved by the Central Government and shall become void if and so far it is disapproved by the Government.
Article 79 (b) provides that The First Directors of the Company shall be Mr. Jaiprakash Gaur, Mr. S.K. Jain, Mr. S.K.
Dixit, Mr. Rajender Singh, Mr. D.N. Davar and Mr. G.N. Tandon. Further Article 79 (b) provides that two thirds (any fraction to be rounded off to the next number) of the total number of directors of the Company shall be persons whose period of office shall be liable to determination by retirement by rotation and save as otherwise expressly provided in the Act be appointed by the Company in general meeting. The remaining directors shall not be liable to retire by rotation and shall subject to the provisions of these Articles be appointed by Jaiprakash Associates Limited so long as it holds 51% or more of the paid up equity share capital of the Company.
Appointment of Nominee Director/s
Article 80, inter alia provides that notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in the articles, so long as any money remain owing by the Company to The Industrial Finance Corporation of India Limited (IFCI), the Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) and The Industrial Credit & Investment Corporation of India (ICICI) or to any other Financial Institution (hereinafter in these Articles referred to as "The Corporation") out of any loans, debenture assistance granted by the Corporation to the Company or so long as the Corporation holds or continues to hold debenture/shares in the Company as a result of underwriting or by direct subscription or subscription by private placement or so long as any liability of the Company arising out of any guarantee furnished by the Corporation on behalf of this Company remains outstanding, the corporation shall have a right to appoint, from time to time, any person or persons as a Director or Directors, non-whole-time, or whole- time in the event of default, as specified in any agreements/contracts/ deeds/ documents entered into between the Corporation and the Company or executed by the Company in favour of the Corporation (which director or directors is/are hereinafter referred to as "Nominee Director/s") on the Board of the Company and to remove from such office any person or persons, so appointed, and to appoint any person or persons in his or their place/s.
The Board of Directors of the Company shall have no power to remove from office the Nominee Director/s. At the option of the Corporation, such Nominee Director/s shall not be required to hold any share qualification in the Company. Also at the option of the Corporation, such Nominee Director/s shall not be liable to retirement by rotation of Directors. Subject as aforesaid, the Nominee Director/s shall be entitled to the same rights and privileges and be subject to the same obligations as any other Directors of the Company.
The Nominee Director/s so appointed shall hold the said office only so long as any moneys remain owing by the Company to the Corporation or the Corporation holds or continues to hold debenture/share in the Company, as a result of under-writing or direct subscription or subscription by private placement or the liability of the Company arising out of any guarantee is outstanding and the Nominee Director/s, so appointed in exercise of the said power, shall ipso facto vacate such office immediately, the moneys owing by the Company to the Corporation are paid off or on the Corporation ceasing to hold debentures/shares in the Company or on satisfaction of the liability of the Company, arising out of any guarantee furnished by the Corporation.
The Nominee Director/s appointed under this Article shall be entitled to receive all notices of and attend all General Meetings, Board Meetings and the Meetings of the Committee, of which the Nominee Director/s is/are Members, as also the minutes of such meetings. The Corporation shall also be entitled to receive all such notices and minutes.
The Company shall pay to the Nominee Director/s sitting fees and expenses to which the other Directors of the Company are entitled but if any other fees, commission, moneys or remuneration in any form is payable to the Directors of the Company, the fees, commissions, moneys and the remuneration in relation to such Nominee Director/s shall accrue to the Corporation and the same shall accordingly be paid by the Company directly to the Corporation. Any expenses that may be incurred by the Corporation or such Nominee Director/s in connection with their appointment or directorship shall also be paid or reimbursed by the Company to the Corporation, or to such Nominee Director/s, as the case may be.
Provided that if any such Nominee Director/s is an officer of the Corporation, the sitting fees, in relation to such Nominee Director/s shall also accrue to the Corporation and the same shall accordingly be paid by the Company directly to the Corporation.
Provided further that if such Nominee Director/s is an/are officer/s of the Reserve Bank of India, the sitting fees in relation to such Nominee Director(s) shall also accrue to IDBI and the same shall accordingly be paid by the Company directly to IDBI.
In case the Nominee Director, appointed by the Corporation is a whole-time Director, such Nominee Director shall exercise such power and duties, as may be approved by the Corporation and have such rights, as are usually exercised or available to a Whole-time Director in the management of the affairs of the Company. Such Nominee Director shall be entitled to receive such remuneration, fees commission and moneys, as may be approved by the Corporation and the Central Government.
Appointment of Alternate Director