«ANDHRA UNIVERSITY Department of Zoology M.Sc. FISHERY SCIENCE (Self-Finance) ANDHRA UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY M.Sc. DEGREE IN FISHERY SCIENCE ...»
Department of Zoology
M.Sc. FISHERY SCIENCE (Self-Finance)
DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY
M.Sc. DEGREE IN FISHERY SCIENCE - SYLLABUS
(Effective from 2014-2015 Academic year)
M. Sc. Fishery Science is introduced as a two year post-graduate
course in the Department of Zoology. Keeping mainly in view of the large number of job opportunities in government and private sector undertakings in the field of Fisheries and Aquaculture, the course is designed that the student is benefited to take up a job in professional and industrial organizations as well as to teach in Degree and junior colleges where Zoology or Fisheries are offered.
1. Candidates for M.Sc. Fishery Science Degree examination shall be required : (a) To have passed the qualifying examination of this University as detailed in AUCET (Andhra University Common Entrance Test) regulations or an examination of any other University recognized by the Academic Council as equivalent thereto; and (b) To have undergone subsequently a further course of studies extending over a period of two academic years. As the case may be, in this University, each academic year consisting of two semesters ordinarily consecutive.
2. The course and scope of instruction shall be defined in the
syllabus prescribed :
3. (a) The candidate shall be required to take at the end of each semester, an examination as detailed in the scheme of examination.
Each paper of the examination shall unless otherwise prescribed be of three hours duration and for a maximum of 100 marks (15 + 85). An external paper setter shall set the question paper. There shall be double valuation. Similarly, there shall be one semester-end examination of 2-3 hours duration in each practical course. Papersetting and evaluation shall be done jointly by two examiners, one internal and one external. Evaluation of the performance of the candidates in respect of each paper shall be carried out only by the semester-end examination.
(b) A candidate appearing for the whole examination shall be declared to have passed the examination if he/she obtains not less than 50% of the total marks in all papers including practical and records put together. And, also not less than 40% in each paper/practical at the semester-end and 40% marks for a maximum of 100 marks for each paper. All other candidates shall be deemed to have failed in the examination. Candidates who have completed the first semester course and have earned the necessary attendance and progress certificate shall be permitted to continue the second semester course irrespective of whether they have appeared or not at the first semester examination. Such candidates may be permitted to appear for the examination of the earlier semester with the examination of the later semester simultaneously.
Candidates shall put in attendance at the college for not less than 75% of the total number of working days. Condo nation of shortage of attendance may be granted on the recommendation of the Principal of the College concerned provided that no condo nation shall be recommended in the case of candidates who have not put in attendance at the college for at least 50% of the total number of working days. If a candidate represents the University officially at games, sports or other officially organized extra curricular activities, it will be deemed that he/she has attended the college on the days he/she is absent for the purpose.
4. The names of the successful candidates at the examination shall be arranged in order in which they are registered for the examination as follows. On the basis of the total marks obtained by the each candidate at the I-IV Semester-end examination put together.
Only those candidates who appear and pass examination in all the papers of the four semesters at first appearance are eligible to be placed in the first class with distinction. However, no candidate who has not passed all the papers relating to any semester at the first appearance shall be eligible for any medals, or prizes by the University and to receive certificates of rank, obtained by them in the examination.
Marks Schedule for Each Semester Semester Duration : 16 weeks (Excluding holidays and time for Semester-end examination) Theory : Number of periods of theory per paper : 4 – 5 periods per week. Each period of 50 minutes duration.
Unit – I
1. Origin and classification of water bodies – Rivers, lakes and ponds
2. Major rivers and freshwater lakes of India
3. Ecology of ponds, rivers and lakes – Structure and dynamics - energyflow Unit – II
4. Physical characteristics of water : Temperature, thermal stratification and thermal exchange – light – total hardness – pH.
5. Chemical characteristics of water : Chlorides – dissolved oxygen – alkalinity and acidity.
Unit – III
6. Major groups of organisms in freshwater bodies other than fish
7. Ecological adaptations of freshwater fauna
8. Productivity of water bodies – Primary, secondary, tertiary - Factors affecting primary production Unit – IV
9. Plankton of freshwater biotopes – Phyto and Zooplankton, their structural dynamics, seasonal variation
10. Plankton sampling: Methods of collection, preservation and identification
11. Benthos of diverse biotopes
1. Welch, P.S. Limnology. McGrawHill, NY, 1952.
2. Hutchinson, G.E. A Treatise on Limnology, Vols. I & II. John Wiley & Sons, 1957.
3. Ruttner, F. Fundamentals of Limnology. Translated by D.G. Frey and F.E.Fry. University of Toronto Press, 1968.
4. Wetzel, R.G. Limnology. W.B. Saunders Co., 1975.
5. Reid, G.K. & R.D. wood. Ecology of inland waters and Estuaries. Van Nostrand Company, 1976.
6. Cole, C.A. Textbook of Limnology. The C.V. Mosby Co., 1983.
PAPER – II: ESTUARINE AND MARINE BIOLOGY (Code No. FS 02) Unit – I
1. Estuaries: Origin of estuaries- structure of an estuary( Physicochemical features)
2. Some typical estuarine habitats of India (Hoogly- Maltah, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery and West- coast estuaries).
3. Aquatic pollution.
1. The sea as biological environment – General characters of populations and primary biotic divisions. Terminology of topographical features of the marine environment.
2. Physical environmental factors ( Temperature, light, currents, tides and waves )
3. Chemical environmental factors (oxygen- carbon dioxide, salinity and Hydrogen –Ion –concentration.
1. Phytoplankton composition- adaptations.
2. Biological productivity, Primary Production: Methods of measuring primary production, Productivity in relation to fisheries.
3. Zooplankton- composition, Zoo-phytoplankton relationships, Unit –IV
1. Nekton – Composition and ecological adaptations.
2. Intertidal zone- zonation pattern.
3. Types of shores-(Rocky – Sandy- Muddy) and their characteristic feature- fauna – adaptations.
1. Friedrich, H.: Marine Biology
2. Raymont, J.E.C.: Plankton and productivity in the Oceans, Volume 1.
3. Balakrishna Nair. N. and D.M. Thampy: A text book of Marine ecology
4. Broecker, W.S.: Chemical Oceanography
5. Sverdrup, H.V., M.W., Johnson and R.H. Fleming.: The Oceans Their physics, chemistry and general biology. Prentice-Hall Inc.
PAPER – III: TAXONOMY AND FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY OF SHELL FISH& FINFISH (Code No. FS 03) Unit – I
1. General characters of coelenterates, crustaceans, mollusks and echinoderms and fishes..
2. Classification of Crustacea - up to orders
3. Classification of Mollusca - up to sub-class
4. Major groups of Fishes: Major groups of living Fishes and extinct Fishes – Phylogeny of Fishes Classification of fishes up to sub-class.
Unit – II
5. Larval forms of major invertebrate groups.
6. Food, feeding habits and adaptations of cultured crustaceans.
7. Food, feeding habits and adaptations of cultured Molluscs Unit – III
8. Respiration and circulation in crustaceans and Molluscs
9. Excretion in crustaceans and Molluscs
10. Respiratory organs in fishes – Modification of gills in relation to habit – Structural adaptations of air breathing fishes.
Unit – IV
11. Reproductive patterns in crustaceans, reproductive organs, gonad maturity, spawning and fertilization
12. Endocrine organs in crustaceans and their role in reproduction.
13. Reproductive patterns in Molluscs, reproductive organs, gonad maturity, spawning and fertilization.
14. Reproduction in fishes: Modes of reproduction, reproductive cycle, gonad maturity stages, spawning seasons and grounds, modes of spawning.
1. Borradile & R.A. Potts. The Invertebrates. Asia Publishing House, 1962.
2. Kaestner, A. Invertebrate Zoology. Vol. I – III, John Wiley & Sons, 1967.
3. Barrington, F.J.W. Invertebrates : Structure and Functions. EIBS, 1971.
4. Kurian, C.V. & V.O. Sabastian. Prawns and Prawn Fisheries of India.
Hindustan Pub. Co., 1976.
5. Parker, J. & W.A. Haswell. The Textbook of Zoology. Vol. I.
Invertebrates (eds. A.J. Marshall & W.D. Williams), ELBS & McMillan & Co., 1992.
Nikolsky, G.V. Ecology of Fishes. Academic Press, NY, 1963.
6. Howar, W.S. & D.J. Randal. Fish Physiology, Vols. 1–4, Academic Press, NY, 1970.
7. Jhingran, V.G. Fish and Fisheries of India. Hindustan Publishing Co., 1975.
Norman, J.R. & P.H. Greenwood. A History of Fishes, 3rd Ed. Ernest 8.
Benn Ltd., 1975.
9. Fretter, V. & A. Graham. The functional anatomy of vertebrates.
Academic Press Inc. (Lon.) Ltd., 1976.
10. Lagler, K.E. et. Al. Ichthyology. John Wiley, 1977.
11. Carl, B.E. Biology of Fishes. Saunders, 1979.
12. Moyle Peterb, Fishes : An Introduction to Ichthyology. Prentice Hall, 1979.
13. Low, M.S. & G.M. Calliet (eds.). Readings in Ichthyology. Prentice Hall, 1979.
14. Meyer & Ashlock. Principles of systematic Zoology.
15. Turnor. Textbook of endocrinology PAPER – IV: BIOSYSTEMATICS and TAXONOMY (Code No. FS 04) Unit – I
1.0. Definition and basic concepts of biosystematics and taxonomy
1.1. Historical resume of systematics.
1.2. Importance and application of biosystematics
1.3. Taxonomic characters – different kinds, origin of reproductive isolation – biological mechanism of genetic incompatibility.
Unit – II :
2.0. Trends in biosystematics – concepts of different conventional and newer aspects
3.0. Molecular perspective on the conservation of diversity
3.1. Diversity and ecosystem process: Theory, achievements and future directions
Unit – III:
4.0. Dimensions of speciation and taxonomy characters
4.2. Mechanisms of speciation in panmictic and apomictic species
4.3. Species concepts – species category, different species concepts: sub-species and other infra specific categories
4.4. Theories of biological classification, hierarchy of categories
Unit – IV :
5.3. Systematic publications – different kinds of publications
5.4. Process of typication and different Zoological types
5.5. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) – its operative principles, interpretation and application of important rules, Zoological nomenclature, formation of scientific names of various taxa.
Suggested Reading Material :
1. M. Kato. The Biology of Biodiversity, Springer.
2. J.C. Avice. Molecular Markers. Natural History and Evolution, Chapman & Hall, New York.
3. E.O. Wilson. Biodiversity, Academic Press, Washington.
4. G.G. Simpson. Principle of Animal Taxonomy. Oxford IBH Pub. Co.
5. E. Mayer. Elements of Taxonomy.
6. E.O. Wilson. The Diversity of Life (The College Edition),W.W.Northern & Co.
7. B.K. Tikadar. Threatened Animals of India, ZSI Publication, Calcutta.
1. Nikolsky, G.V. Ecology of Fishes. Academic Press, NY, 1963.
2. Howar,W.S. & D.J. Randal. Fish Physiology, Vols. 1–4, Acad Press, NY, 1970.
3. Jhingran,V.G.Fish and Fisheries of India. Hindustan Publishing Co., 1975.
Norman, J.R. & P.H. Greenwood. A History of Fishes, 3rd Ed. Ernest 4.
Benn Ltd., 1975.
5. Fretter, V. & A. Graham. The functional anatomy of vertebrates.
Academic Press Inc. (Lon.) Ltd., 1976.
6. Lagler, K.E. et. Al. Ichthyology. John Wiley, 1977.
7. Carl, B.E. Biology of Fishes. Saunders, 1979.
8. Moyle Peterb, Fishes : An Introduction to Ichthyology. Prentice Hall, 1979.
9. Low, M.S. & G.M. Calliet (eds.). Readings in Ichthyology. Prentice Hall, 1979.
10. Meyer & Ashlock. Principles of systematic Zoology II – SEMESTER
Unit – I
1.1. Basic fish anatomy – form and function of muscles, gills and gas Bladder. Digestive system.
1.2.Skeleton – Endoskeleton – Neurocranium and visceral skeleton.
1.3.Nervous system, Sense Organs and Endocrine organs in fishes.
Unit – II Locomotion in fishes: Body form and locomotion, fins and locomotion, swimming and non-swimming locomotion.
2.1. Respiration and Respiratory organs of fish.